In the Guru Poornima special edition of series, we were blessed to also write about the great Siddha Avvai. Siddha refers to perfected masters who have achieved a high degree of physical as well as spiritual perfection or enlightenment. We looked at various Siddhas who have graced upon this earth with their Presence — their life and the wisdom they shared in the form of poems, couplets that are referred to as Siddhar Padalgal. The journey of Siddhar Charithiram gave us the opportunity to have a glimpse of the life and works of the Siddhas.
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The Tirumantiram or Thirumantiram is a Tamil poetic work written in 12th century by Thirumular and is the tenth of the twelve volumes of the Tirumurai , the key texts of Shaiva Siddhanta and the first known Tamil work to use the term. It consists of over three thousand verses dealing with various aspects of spirituality, ethics and praise of Shiva.
But it is more spiritual than religious and one can see the difference between Vedanta and Siddhanta from Tirumular's interpretation of the Mahavakyas. According to another historian, Madhavan, the work stresses on the fundamentals of Siddha medicine and its healing powers. The poems have a unique metrical structure, each line consisting of 11 or 12 syllables depending on the initial syllable.
Tirumular discusses the four steps of spiritual progress; Charya , Kriya , Yoga and Gnana , the Shaiva Siddhanta concept of Pati , Pasu and Pasa where Pati stands for Lord shiva, Pasu stands for the human kind and Pasa stands for Maya the desire , sadhana , Vedanta , the Upanishadic Tat tvam asi and other Vedantic concepts, the transcendental reality as emptiness Sunya devoid of any attribute and Tantrasastra Shakti worship , chakras , magic spells and their accessories.
The section on Yoga , called "Shiva yoga", offers details not found in the Sanskrit text of Patanjali. The Tirumantiram describes means of attaining an immortal body kaya siddhi , advocating a theory of preserving the body so that the soul would continue its existence Udambai valarthen uyir valarthenae. Tirumular is not only one of the 63 Nayanmars Nayanars but also a significant one among the 18 Siddhars. Tirumular has been referred to as "Nampiran" meaning: nam-Our, piran-God, thus thirumular has been called as a leader or god to all the remaining nayanars by Sundarar in his thiru thondar thogai the earliest song which mentions the names of 63 nayanars.
Tirumular as a moral philosopher teaches the ethics of non-violence ahimsa , abstinence from slaughtering, meat and alcohol. He condemns coveting another man's wife. He declares that "love is God", proclaims the unity of mankind and God and stresses the acquisition of knowledge. The final section of the Tirumantiram, named Sunya Sambhashana "Colloquy on the Void" , is full of metaphorical sayings communicating mystical and speculative thoughts, for example;. The second word 'Agathiley' means, not inside the house; but inside a person Agam-inside; Puram-outside the house is compared to a person here.
So within a person exists the five senses. Because there is nobody or nothing to control them, they just roam "uncontrollably", here the five senses untamed, lead us to temptations! The five senses are untamed and roam uncontrollably.
The five senses untamed is no less than a ferocious animal. Here the verses say that if all the five senses are controlled by a person it help one to get the "thiruvarul" which means "divine grace" The five pulans are meant to be controlled to realise God This is the actual meaning of the song. If the five 'pulans' control us it means it is untamed whereas if we control the five senses it means it is tamed.
If these 'cows' are controlled then they yield 'milk'. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Shaivism Deities. Scriptures and texts. Categories : Tamil-language literature Texts related to Nayanar saints.
First English Translation of the "Tirumantiram" Published by Dr. Natarajan
Thirumoolar or Thirumoola Naayanaar is one of the 63 Naayanmaars praised by Swamy Sekkizhaar and one of the celebrated 18 Siddhas. He is one of the enlightened Yogi. The history of Thirumoolar was briefly given by Nambiyaandar Nambi in his book Thirutthondar Thiruvanthaathi. His blessed book is the Thirumanthiram which contains Songs. He is a part of the Kailash Generation. He studied under the tutelage of Shri Nandhi.
The Tirumantiram or Thirumantiram is a Tamil poetic work written in 12th century by Thirumular and is the tenth of the twelve volumes of the Tirumurai , the key texts of Shaiva Siddhanta and the first known Tamil work to use the term. It consists of over three thousand verses dealing with various aspects of spirituality, ethics and praise of Shiva. But it is more spiritual than religious and one can see the difference between Vedanta and Siddhanta from Tirumular's interpretation of the Mahavakyas. According to another historian, Madhavan, the work stresses on the fundamentals of Siddha medicine and its healing powers. The poems have a unique metrical structure, each line consisting of 11 or 12 syllables depending on the initial syllable.
Natarajan of Madras, South India, the first of a ten volume set of sacred books containing the first complete English translation of Saint Tirumular's Tirumantiram, or "Holy Hymn," has reached the West. The Saiva Siddhanta Church became aware of Dr. Further inquiries revealed that the work, though incomplete, had been laid aside. There was no other effort being made in the world to bring the ancient classic into English, partly due to the monumental extent of the task. Therefore, the Church arranged with Dr. Natarajan to assist financially both in the hiring of additional scholars as well as in the actual production costs.