The heirs were manasadars , who were given some revenue zones on the basis of the cash inverted income instead of cash salaries. Whom were called jagirs. Bounty The land was called to those with whom no administrative obligation was associated, which was given to Dharmaprayan, scholars and respected persons and orphans. The foundation of the tradition was during the reign of Akbar.
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The system was an adaptation of an existing agrarian system by the early sultans of Delhi. Being feudalistic in character, it tended to enfeeble the central government by setting up quasi-independent baronies.
The early Mughal emperors 16th century wished to abolish it, preferring to reward their officials with cash salaries, but it was reintroduced by the later emperors and contributed greatly to the weakening of the Mughal state. With Indian independence, legislative measures were taken to abolish the system of absentee landownership.
Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. He even continued some donations to Hindu temples. He used the ryotwari method of assessing land revenue, collecting through local officials from the village headmen.
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Role of Mansabdari and Jagirdari System During Mughal Empire
The conditional jagir required the governing family to maintain troops and provide their service to the state when asked. The jagirdar system was introduced by the Delhi Sultanate ,  and continued during the Mughal Empire ,  but with a difference. In the Mughal times, the jagirdar collected taxes which paid his salary and the rest to the Mughal treasury, while the administration and military authority was given to a separate Mughal appointee. The word 'jagir' connoted originally grants made by Rajput Rulers to their clansmen for military services rendered or to be rendered.
How was the jagirdari system in the Mughal era?
We also notice an evolution in the beginning and the growth of this institution. The word Mansab means a place, a position, an honour and a rank, which happened to be an integral part of the elaborate Mughal bureaucracy. The Mansabdars were appointed to all civil and military posts except that of judiciary, and the positions like wazir, bakshi, faujdar and Subedar were held by the Mansabdars. The Mansabdar appears to be a central Asian institution. There is a view that this institution came to India with Babur. There is a definite difference between these two terms of Mansabdari and Wajahdari system. Under the regime of Akbar, Mansabdari system became the basis of military and civil administration.