Ruvarac attended gymnasiums in Sremski Karlovci Hun. During his Law studies in Vienna —56 , he became interested in history. After studying theology, he entered the monastic order and took the name Ilarion. Ruvarac was the first to challenge the Romantic tradition in Serbian historiography. He dedicated much of his life to the excavation and critical edition of sources, mostly on medieval Serbian history, upholding the scientific status of historical as opposed to literary for example, poetic or folkloric sources. His first works were related to the examination of church documents and some poorly investigated or controversial topics of medieval Serbian history.
|Published (Last):||22 November 2012|
|PDF File Size:||14.76 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||2.44 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Ruvarac introduced the critical methods into Serbian historiography. He was archimandrite of Grgeteg monastery. His three brothers were all distinguished—the eldest, Lazar Ruvarac, as a high government official; the second, Kosta Ruvarac — , as a writer and literary critic; and the youngest, Dimitrije Ruvarac , as a historian, Orthodox clergyman, politician and one of the most active publishers of his time. He had three brothers, Lazar, Kosta and Dimitrije. His childhood was spent at Stari Slankamen and Stari Banovac in Srem , where he went to grammar school.
In his family moved from Banovac to Karlovci and later to Vienna, where he completed his high school education at the Gymnasium of Karlovci and a gymnasium in Vienna before he enrolled at the University of Vienna 's School of Law in After graduating with a law degree in , he enrolled at the Theological Seminary of Saint Arsenius Sveti Arsenije in Sremski Karlovci, graduating in Under his new name Ilarion , he published numerous historical studies that he had written up until then.
Ruvarac was devoted to his scholastic work in history, and was hospitable to the many friends and strangers who found their way to Karlovci. In he became a member of the teaching staff at the Gymnasium of Karlovci, his Alma mater.
He was elevated to the rank of Archimandrite at the Monastery of Grgeteg in , and a year later, he was appointed rector of the Theological Seminary of Saint Arsenius in Karlovci.
He was prominent in secular as well as religious works, interesting himself in every movement that promoted health, morality, or education, and especially serviceable as friendly, unofficial counsellor of all classes. His theology was that of a liberal high-churchman, and his sympathies were broad. In early he was commissioned to report on the state of education among Serbs in Austria-Hungary, and his able performance of this task brought him an offer of the bishopric of Karlovci, which he declined.
In he decided to resume his monastic career as archimandrite of the Monastery of Grgeteg. The last years of his life were passed in complete seclusion at the monastery. He died there on the 8th of August Lazar Ruvarac who graduated from the University of Vienna, became a high official in the Serbian Government. His younger brother, Dimitrije Ruvarac , was also a prominent historian and an Orthodox priest, besides being a politician and a publisher.
Ruvarac was the first to make a name for himself as a historian who sought justice and truth in every critical work he undertook. Ruvarac was the first to stress the use of primary sources as much as possible in order to obtain evidence of historical truth. He even questioned himself, more often than not, when critically examining historical texts, asking how they were obtained, who had written them and when, and for what purpose. Being pitilessly conscientious and of cynical, sharp wit, Ruvarac exposed many Montenegrin fables that some wished to palm off as historical facts—either for personal, political gain, dynastic reasons Habsburgs, Vatican, Ottomans , or simply to flatter their own vanity.
Ruvarac ushered in a revision of all historical inconsistencies written by foreigners or inspired by them concerning Serbs of Montenegro and other regions, destroying one ill-conceived legend after another with no less passion than had those who fabricated them in the first place. Ruvarac, like most intellectuals, knew that so-called events can exert influence even though they never occurred. Ruvarac was right only in that he denounced such speculation as being unauthenticated and therefore unhistorical, as indeed they were.
Ruvarac had good reason sometimes to be exasperated by the inaccuracies and fabrications of histories because they were written by foreigners who perpetuated all kinds of stories and myths without researching Venetian archives.
It was the Republic of Venice, after all, which had lorded it over the Adriatic coast and fought over it with the Turks for some four centuries not to mention the French, Austrians, Hungarians, and the intrigue of the Vatican, each with their own political agenda. Most of Ruvarac's career was spent mercilessly struggling with national myth which distorted the historical truth, but there was no turning back after him since he inspired other historians to investigate the past with a critical eye.
He is included in The most prominent Serbs. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ilarion Ruvarac. Sremska Mitrovica , Austrian Empire. Archived from the original on 25 August Retrieved 23 April Konkursi regional web site. Archived from the original on 13 April Retrieved 21 April Retrieved 29 November Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.
Ruvarac, Ilarion Overview. Publication Timeline. Most widely held works about Ilarion Ruvarac. Most widely held works by Ilarion Ruvarac.
On prince Lazar
Serbian historian. English Wikipedia. BnF authorities. Virtual International Authority File. Integrated Authority File. Austrian Empire. Ilarion Ruvarac.