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They were initially implemented in based on the ICAO doc defining the specifications of machine-readable passports. For the moment, information stored in the ePassport becomes static at the time of issuance and cannot be modified. In the field, the electronic passport micro-controller is "read-only".
While ICAO doc focused on the electronification of the passport data page, the next-generation specifications Logical Data Structure v2 or LDS2 will focus on the digital conversion of the rest of the document. LDS2, the new generation of the Logical Data Structure, will be optional and extend the use of the ePassport through the addition of a read-write function. LDS2 will further protect the document against counterfeiting, copying and unauthorized reading or writing. LDS2 will allow electronic visas to be added to the document instantaneously, bolstering client service and reducing the costs associated with visa issuance.
Digitally signed storage of visa and travel stamps would dramatically increase the security of those elements against tampering while improving the security flow with Automatic Border Control gates. Standard formatting will also enhance the readability and reliability of the information and will facilitate the exchange of information between countries. LDS2 will address the lack of a live biometric capture infrastructure across a country as well as privacy. Citizens will be able to provide their biometric data on a voluntary basis if they want to enjoy the convenience of fast track through an eGate.
LDS2 will provide a more automated and reliable risk assessment with analysis of the risk that travellers present by detecting unusual travel patterns, disconnects between entry and exit stamps and mismatched travel history. It will also enable automatic insertion and verification of data in the passport's micro-controller that will allow more people to go through electronic gates. The storage of biometrical data often takes place in several databases outside the direct control of the traveller.
The alternative with LDS2 is to store those biometrics in the micro-controller for stronger privacy. The ePassport will act as an identification token. At any time, data stored in the LDS2 application must be signed by the inspection or visa issuance system, allowing the verification of the authenticity of the data. The LSD2 is defined in this document dated April For more information regarding our services and solutions contact one of our sales representatives.
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Converting travel stamps to digital format will bring several benefits: Greater consistency More reliability Enhanced security Easier access. Right now, where do we stand? Get in touch with us For more information regarding our services and solutions contact one of our sales representatives.
ICAO DOC 9303 Part 11