A collegiate German reader in prose and verse: with copious explanatory notes and A progressive German reader : with notes and a complete vocabulary. A tragedy, with copious explanatory notes and a complete vocabulary. The German reader; a selection of readings in German literature, with explanatory notes and a vocabulary.
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The book is based on Goethe's diaries. It is smoothed in style, lacking the spontaneity of his diary report, and augmented with the addition of afterthoughts and reminiscences. He wrote many letters to a number of friends in Germany, which he later used as the basis for Italian Journey. Italian Journey initially takes the form of a diary, with events and descriptions written up apparently quite soon after they were experienced.
The impression is in one sense true, since Goethe was clearly working from journals and letters he composed at the time — and by the end of the book he is openly distinguishing between his old correspondence and what he calls reporting. Goethe said in a letter that the work was "both entirely truthful and a graceful fairy-tale". It had to be something of a fairy-tale, since it was written between thirty and more than forty years after the journey, in and The work begins  with a famous Latin tag, Et in Arcadia ego , although originally Goethe used the German translation, Auch ich in Arkadien , which alters the meaning.
This Latin phrase is usually imagined as spoken by Death — this is its sense, for example, in W. Auden 's poem called "Et in Arcadia ego" — suggesting that every paradise is afflicted by mortality. Conversely, what Goethe's Auch ich in Arkadien says is "Even I managed to get to paradise", with the implication that we could all get there if we chose. If death is universal, the possibility of paradise might be universal too.
This possibility wouldn't preclude its loss, and might even require it, or at least require that some of us should lose it. The book ends with a quotation from Ovid 's Tristia , regretting his expulsion from Rome. Cum repeto noctem , Goethe writes in the middle of his own German, as well as citing a whole passage: "When I remember the night For Goethe, Italy was the warm passionate south as opposed to the dank cautious north; the place where the classical past was still alive, although in ruins; a sequence of landscapes, colours, trees, manners, cities, monuments he had so far seen only in his writing.
He described himself as "the mortal enemy of mere words" or what he also called "empty names". He needed to fill the names with meaning and, as he rather strangely put it, "to discover myself in the objects I see", literally "to learn to know myself by or through the objects".
He also writes of his old habit of "clinging to the objects", which pays off in the new location. He wanted to know that what he thought might be paradise actually existed, even if it wasn't entirely paradise, and even if he didn't in the end want to stay there.
While in Italy, Goethe aspired to witness and to breathe the conditions and milieu of a once highly — and in certain respects still — cultured area endowed with many significant works of art. Apart from the impetus to study the Mediterranean's natural qualities, he was first and foremost interested in the remains of classical antiquity and in contemporary art. Many critics have questioned this strange choice. In Verona, where he enthusiastically commends the harmony and fine proportions of the city amphitheater; he asserts this is the first true piece of Classical art he has witnessed.
Venice, too, holds treasures for his artistic education, and he soon becomes fascinated by the Italian style of living.
After a very short stop in Florence, he arrives in Rome. It was here that he met several respected German artists, and made friends with Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein and notable Neoclassical painter, Angelica Kauffman. Tischbein painted one of the most famous portraits of Goethe, Goethe in the Roman Campagna , and accompanied him to Naples.
During the journey, the two later separated due to their "incompatible" interests. After leaving Rome and entering Palermo , Goethe searched for what he called "Urpflanze", a plant that would be the archetype of all plants.
In his journal, Goethe shows a marked interest in the geology of Europe's southern regions. He demonstrates a depth and breadth of knowledge in each subject. Most frequently, he pens descriptions of mineral and rock samples that he retrieves from the mountains, crags, and riverbeds of Italy.
He also undertakes several dangerous hikes to the summit of Mount Vesuvius , where he catalogues the nature and qualities of various lava flows and tephra. He is similarly adept at recognizing species of plant and flora, which stimulate thought and research into his botanical theories. While more credibility can be attributed to his scientific investigations, Goethe maintains a thoughtful and admiring interest in art. Using Palladio and Johann Joachim Winkelmann as touchstones for his artistic growth, Goethe expands his scope of thought in regards to Classical concepts of beauty and the characteristics of good architecture.
Indeed, in his letters he periodically comments on the growth and good that Rome has caused in him. The profusion of high-quality objects of art proves critical in his transformation during these two years away from his hometown in Germany. Goethe stayed almost three months in Rome , which he described as "the First City of the World".
But he couldn't settle. Rome was full of remains, but too much was gone. From February to May he was in Naples and Sicily. He climbed Vesuvius , visited Pompeii , found himself contrasting Neapolitan gaiety with Roman solemnity.
He was amazed that people could actually live in the way he had only imagined living and in an emotional passage he wrote:. Naples is a paradise; everyone lives in a state of intoxicated self-forgetfulness, myself included. I seem to be a completely different person whom I hardly recognise.
Yesterday I thought to myself: Either you were mad before, or you are mad now. One may write or paint as much as one likes, but this place, the shore, the gulf, Vesuvius, the citadels, the villas, everything, defies description. I can't begin to tell you of the glory of a night by full moon when we strolled through the streets and squares to the endless promenade of the Chiaia , and then walked up and down the seashore.
I was quite overwhelmed by the feeling of infinite space. To be able to dream like this is certainly worth the trouble it took to get here. Some journeys — Goethe's was one — really are quests. Italian Journey is not only a description of places, persons and things, but also a psychological document of the first importance. Goethe's Herma in the courtyard of the Scaliger Castle in Malcesine , a place he visited in , during his Italian journey.
Goethe drew the castle on September 14, ": Plaque in the Via Castello, Malcesine, where Goethe was drawing the castle.
Goethe's view of Castello Scaligero, when interrupted as he described in Italian Journey click on image for quotation. Goethe's drawing of Castello Scaligero, torn in the incident described in Italian Journey. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Goethe in the Roman Campagna. Tischbein Dewey Decimal. Auden , Epigraph on Italian Journey . Auden and Elizabeth Mayer , published by arrangement with their estates, and HarperCollins Publishers ed.
Excerpts from I. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe bibliography. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Dichtung und Wahrheit Italian Journey. Metamorphosis of Plants Theory of Colours colour wheel. Project Gutenberg. Retrieved 16 August Categories : non-fiction books non-fiction books Travel books Works by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Books about Italy German non-fiction books. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
Goethes italienische Reise
Als die vom Herzog geschickte Kutsche, die ihn nach Weimar abholen sollte, nicht eintreffen wollte, machte er sich Ende Oktober schon kurzentschlossen auf den Weg in das Gelobte Land. Nun war es so weit. Von einer Badereise nach Karlsbad bricht Goethe am Morgen des 3. Vier Monate bleibt er hier. Am
Goethes italienische Reise.