CLASIFICAREA OCUPATIILOR DIN ROMANIA 2013 PDF

Se foloseste in. Other important institutions involved in skills anticipation activities are: Great thanks in advance! Cercetator economist in relatii economice internationale. No registered users and 9 guests. How to Watch Online Without Cable. This document constitutes an important base for policies and measures relating to skills anticipation in Romania.

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Skills assessments and forecasting are conducted by the National Commission for Prognosis Comisia Nationala de Prognoza. Information from skills anticipation activities is shared primarily with ministries and other government agencies that deal with policymaking through the dissemination of data and reports. Information is also shared with careers guidance counsellors in a vocational and general education and b the public employment service PES.

Social partner stakeholders e. Other stakeholders such as enterprises, employers, education bodies, NGOs, etc. Generally, most results which are publicly available are free.

Most stakeholders, however, other than the government, have only a limited role in the process of skills anticipation. Analytical highlights series. Increasingly, Romania takes a more comprehensive approach towards skills anticipation activities, particularly in conducting periodic exercises, to collect skills intelligence, to disseminate to target groups and to use these data in policymaking.

ESF funding significantly supports skills anticipation initiatives. Skills anticipation exercises in Romania take a number of forms, including data collection and forecasting. In particular, skills anticipation activities aim to ensure that education, training, lifelong learning and professional training is effective in equipping the labour force with skills demanded by businesses both now and in the future.

Skills anticipation in Romania aims to inform policymakers by providing them with the information required to shape public policies. While there is no particular regulation which covers skills anticipation, the National Employment Strategy Strategia Nationala pentru Ocuparea Fortei de Munca developed by the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice, is linked to skills anticipation efforts. The Strategy takes into account demographic factors population change and projections of future change , the international context migration trends , and the sectoral and occupational composition of the labour force trends and expectations.

This document constitutes an important base for policies and measures relating to skills anticipation in Romania. The Integrated Strategy for Human Resources Development Strategia Integrata de Dezvoltare a Resurselor Umane is another important document related to skills anticipation.

The Strategy has the goal of creating a national platform regarding the analysis and prognosis of skills demand and supply. Skills anticipation is Romania is largely the responsibility of government ministries and agencies, namely the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice. Other important institutions involved in skills anticipation activities are:.

Social partners play a role in skills anticipation activities, particularly in conducting data collection. However, the extent to which stakeholders are actually able to use skills anticipation data to influence policy is uncertain. However, social partners tend to lobby for policy changes, based on the findings from the skills anticipation activities. One such example is the change in public policy brought about by social partners, both unions and employers, to successfully refocus public policy attention on the need to promote VET as an educational option Education for All National Review through vocational schools and apprenticeships by using evidence collected through skills anticipation measures.

Social partners also tend to take a role in bodies such as the Social and Economic Council and the National Tripartite Social Dialogue Council, which enhance social dialogue. These Councils examine and provide opinions on the laws the government submits to parliament. The primary target groups of skills anticipation exercises are government ministries, specifically, the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice, as well as agencies which introduce and shape regulations and strategies that contribute to the governance of the skills system.

Information reaches these users in the form of data, reports, studies, forecasts, etc. However, it is difficult to assess both the extent to which data reach these other target groups, and the extent to which it is used by them. Funding for skills anticipation comes primarily from the state budget but on demand from the main beneficiaries e. In practice, over the past few years annual initiatives were run in this area; nevertheless, the frequency of funding for such initiatives remains irregular.

The work undertaken by the National Commission for Prognosis, and the National Institute for Statistics, which are the main data suppliers for any national initiative in the field, comes from the regular allocations of the state budget which funds these state bodies. This funding has contributed to a number of projects, including funding from the Operational Programme Human Resource Development 3 to develop forecasting activities.

The current operational programme dedicated to the area of human resources the Operational Programme Human Capital also funds such initiatives. Skills assessments are undertaken by the National Commission for Prognosis, which assesses the qualification structures in different sectors of the economy. The National Commission for Prognosis is the main national body responsible for forecasting.

It has developed its own models to produce regular forecasts twice a year of the main labour market indicators such as employment rates, wages, unemployment rates, etc. These forecasts are carried out in association with local stakeholders to inform local and regional plans for the development of VET provision.

The funding for these types of forecasting activities are typically allocated through particular projects, such as DALIVET , 5 which has its origins in companies requesting more skilled graduates.

Finally, there are labour market and skills forecasting projects, which have been undertaken with the aim of producing a methodology for regular forecasting. For example, a partnership between the National Agency for Employment and National Scientific Research Institute for Labour and Social Protection, co-financed by the Operational Programme Human Resource Development , provided the NSRILSP with a short- and medium-term forecasting capability to help inform labour market interventions with a particular focus on the provision of training for unemployed people.

This database will allow for monitoring outcomes from labour market interventions. There is no structured dissemination strategy or practice in order to systematically provide information from the skills anticipation exercises to the target groups government agencies and ministries, careers guidance counsellors in education and the PES, social partners, employers, students and their parents. Information reaches these users in the form of raw data and reports. Analyses provided by the National Commission of Prognosis or by the National Scientific Research Institute for Labour and Social Protection are mainly used by the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice and serve as the foundation for policymaking on education and labour market issues.

For example, the Ministry of Education takes results from skills forecasts and assessments into account when deciding on the allocation of subsidised places for students in educational institutions, such as vocational schools. Additionally, the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice and its agencies, such as the National Agency for Employment, the National House for Public Pensions, and the Labour and Social Inspection Agency develop programmes and policies to re-integrate people into the labour market based on skills anticipation results.

The primary target groups of skills anticipation are government ministries mainly the Education and Labour ministries , and the agencies which produce regulations and strategies relating to the skills system.

The ministries and government agencies use the results of skills anticipation exercises to formulate policies in the education and the labour market domains. Careers guidance counsellors in education and the PES are also important target groups that use the results from skills anticipation to inform their client groups.

While there are specific examples of where skills anticipation results have been used by target groups to influence policy e. The following sources have been drawn upon in preparing this report. Bartlett, W. Structural unemployment in the Western Balkans: Challenges for skills anticipation and matching policies. European Planning Studies, 21 6 , Paris: OECD. As of 8 March As of 7 March Country fiches on skills governance in the Member States — Romania.

Brussels: European Commission. Feiler, L. Investigating skills and training demand in Romania. Ghinararu, C. Flexicurity Dynamics and the Lisbon Strategy in Romania.

Ministry of Education. Education for All: Review Report: Romania. National Employment Strategy New skills for new jobs? Status quo and perspectives for the elderly care sector in Europe. Anticipation of Skills in the European Union in Romania. New Skills for New Futures. Wilson, R. International Journal of Educational Research, 61, This law was enacted on Skip to main content. You are here Home Analytical highlights Skills anticipation in Romania.

Romania Skills anticipation in countries. Table of contents. Legal framework While there is no particular regulation which covers skills anticipation, the National Employment Strategy Strategia Nationala pentru Ocuparea Fortei de Munca developed by the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice, is linked to skills anticipation efforts. Governance of the skills anticipation Skills anticipation is Romania is largely the responsibility of government ministries and agencies, namely the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice.

Other important institutions involved in skills anticipation activities are: The National Commission for Prognosis, which is governed directly by the Prime Minister of Romania and provides the basic macro-economic forecasts; The National Institute of Statistics which supplies validated statistical data from its regular research LFS, national accounts, etc.

The role of stakeholders Social partners play a role in skills anticipation activities, particularly in conducting data collection. Target groups The primary target groups of skills anticipation exercises are government ministries, specifically, the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice, as well as agencies which introduce and shape regulations and strategies that contribute to the governance of the skills system.

Funding and resources Funding for skills anticipation comes primarily from the state budget but on demand from the main beneficiaries e. Methods and tools Skills assessment Skills assessments are undertaken by the National Commission for Prognosis, which assesses the qualification structures in different sectors of the economy.

Skills forecasts The National Commission for Prognosis is the main national body responsible for forecasting. Skills foresight There is no evidence of skills foresight being undertaken in Romania. Other skills anticipation practices There are no other skills anticipation exercises in place in Romania. Dissemination and use There is no structured dissemination strategy or practice in order to systematically provide information from the skills anticipation exercises to the target groups government agencies and ministries, careers guidance counsellors in education and the PES, social partners, employers, students and their parents.

Use of skills anticipation in policy Analyses provided by the National Commission of Prognosis or by the National Scientific Research Institute for Labour and Social Protection are mainly used by the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice and serve as the foundation for policymaking on education and labour market issues.

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