Paragraph jumble or jumbled paragraph is one of the most important question types in management entrance exams. Para jumbles test your understanding of thought flow. In simple words they test are you able to identify a coherently formed paragraphs. It makes complete sense 2. It is a singular unit 3. Does not start abruptly 4.
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Para Jumbles questions in the CAT are important from 2 perspectives:. B- Most test takers not only attempt all these questions but also get most of the answers correct, therefore it becomes even more important to score well here.
If we have a low accuracy in Para Jumbles, we are under pressure to better in other questions, which could be significantly more difficult. If all of us infinite time to answer every Para Jumbles question, eventually most of us would get most answers right, just as if we had enough time, we would be able to put a jigsaw puzzle together. The difficulty lies in doing it quickly.
The objective is simple: maximum accuracy in minimum possible time. The CAT brought about a change in the options pattern of Para Jumbles, as per which the test takers themselves had to put together a coherent paragraph. This certainly increases the difficulty level, as elimination of the wrong options — a very useful strategy — is no longer possible.
Every time I attempt to solve a PJ question, I find that the accuracy and of course, fun increases if I approach the question in a fashion similar to crime scene investigation. Insensibly one begins to twist facts to suit theories, instead of theories to suit facts.
Ironically, a test taker is more likely to fall into this trap if there are answer options to follow the question — the CAT pattern. Most students give the paragraph a cursory look, make up their minds about what could begin the para, and go directly to the answer options.
Once they find an option which, either correctly or incorrectly, reflects their choice, they begin to justify the remaining links in the chosen answer option to convince themselves that they have made the right choice.
This may work if the question is very easy, and has a clear opening sentence, which is given in only one of the options. However, this approach is certain to fail in the difficult questions that offer several possibilities for the opening sentence.
The best way to approach a PJ question is to read the para thoroughly , like Sherlock, who studies the crime scene keenly with an absolutely open mind, and constantly searches for clues. Once we find a couple of certain clues, only then can we look at the answer options. We would then have a reason to eliminate the wrong ones.
Having said this, I emphasise that looking for a clear opening sentence of the para is indeed a good strategy, especially if we are looking at the variant of PJ questions. Imagine we are investigating two homicides. In one we have only the head of the victim, and in the other, only the torso. It is obvious which of them will be easier to identify.
The theory of relativity states that… , the timeline of events e. In , a significant discovery was made in the Arctic region of Russia… , the people involved e. John F. Kennedy assumed the US presidency in The opening sentences also give us an idea of the overall structure of the passage.
Definition type, cause-effect, comparison, chronological, spatially descriptive-type are the most common structures. It is usually easier to put together a jigsaw puzzle once we know what the picture represents.
The opening sentence also directs the flow of the important ideas in a sentence. Usually, the important ideas come first, peripheral later. Sentence B — Whether it is a hand-to-hand ring-fight, or a corporate takeover, the same principles are at work.
Sometimes a sentence may seem to be belonging either at the beginning or at the end of a para. On such occasions, observe how the sentence begins. It must be the conclusion. It is for us to find the connection. Whether or not there is a clear opening sentence, there exist connections between the remaining sentences, and it is for us to find them, especially when we are looking at the CAT variant. What are the common connections?
B — WWII, however, led to worldwide catastrophic consequences — social, political, and economic — that were felt for several decades after. B — The erstwhile government persistently appeased a particular section of the society, and conveniently ignored the common good.
Observe in these two sentences how the italicized part of A introduces a change of the tense past in the italicised part of B. If you observe that the change of the tense between any two sentences occurs without a justification, you are looking at a wrong link. This is the most difficult observation to make in PJ questions. In PJ questions there is perhaps nothing more deceptive than a sentence that appears to be the ending sentence.
However, this does not have to be always true. Such sentences may even appear somewhere in the middle. Use them as final pieces of evidence — a confirmation of what you have already deduced.
I reiterate, avoid jumping to the possible last sentence if you are unable to find the first. Find the connections. The more you practice, the quicker will you be able to find the correct connections. Solve a thousand questions before you hit the CAT. Q3 : The water that made up ancient lakes and perhaps an ocean was lost. Q5 : Over the past fortnight, one of its finest champions managed to pull off a similar impression. Q6 : Those geometric symbols and aerodynamic swooshes are more than just skin deep.
Share on Facebook. Share via Whatsapp. Enroll Now Rs. Your email address will not be published. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. So here goes the Sherlock Holmes way of approaching the PJ questions.
For example, Sentence A — The laws of combat are universal. In the correct order, B must follow A, as B extends the universality discussed in the A. In most cases a sentence with a pronoun will follow a sentence with its antecedent noun. This is, however, not always true. For example: A — It began in and ended in This is so because most paras in PJ questions are logically-constructed descriptions or arguments. Imagine what would happen if you were asked to put together a poem. Well, we must take advantage of the fact that that does not happen in these questions.
It cannot the start the para. Also, observe that such adverbs are preceded by those sentences which justify the introduction of the adverb. Tenses — It is possible that the tense changes will occur in the para.
However, the tense cannot change without a reason. If the sentence A is in the present tense, and B in the past, then the ending words of A must offer us a reason to change the tense in B. Rule 4 for cracking Parajumbles Questions in CAT The more you practice, the quicker will you be able to find the correct connections.
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What Sherlock Holmes can teach you about Parajumbles in CAT
If you would like to take these questions as a Quiz, head on here to take these questions in a test format, absolutely free. Good writers use more verbs. However, it is hard to write without verbs. The reason is that if unnecessary words are reduced, the verb-percentage goes up as a mathematical necessity.
How to tackle CAT Parajumbles : CAT Verbal
Para Jumbles questions in the CAT are important from 2 perspectives:. B- Most test takers not only attempt all these questions but also get most of the answers correct, therefore it becomes even more important to score well here. If we have a low accuracy in Para Jumbles, we are under pressure to better in other questions, which could be significantly more difficult. If all of us infinite time to answer every Para Jumbles question, eventually most of us would get most answers right, just as if we had enough time, we would be able to put a jigsaw puzzle together. The difficulty lies in doing it quickly. The objective is simple: maximum accuracy in minimum possible time. The CAT brought about a change in the options pattern of Para Jumbles, as per which the test takers themselves had to put together a coherent paragraph.
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In CAT , questions from Parajumbles were of moderate level of difficulty. All questions of Parajumbles were non MCQ type thereby increasing the ambiguity between the options. However, as there is no negative marking for the non MCQ questions, therefore it is safe to answer these questions even when in doubt. As these questions are both knowledge based as well as logic based, practicing with the tests will help you in analyzing your strengths and improving your performance. Since CAT exam has introduced the non-MCQ type questions, the difficulty level of the Para-jumbles increases as the ambiguity of the sentences increases and elimination of choices is no more available. However for XAT the questions come as MCQ, therefore the questions can be solved after reads by understanding the context and eliminating the choices. As the questions are logic based, the only way to master this topic is through sufficient practice.