Click on images to enlarge. With Melinis minutiflora - low palatability may lead to dominance over companion species. With Panicum maximum - low palatability may lead to dominance over companion species. Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, the Netherlands. Calopogonium brachycarpum Benth.
|Published (Last):||28 September 2011|
|PDF File Size:||12.31 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||13.43 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Click on images to enlarge. With Melinis minutiflora - low palatability may lead to dominance over companion species. With Panicum maximum - low palatability may lead to dominance over companion species. Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, the Netherlands. Calopogonium brachycarpum Benth. Calopogonium orthocarpum Urb. Family: Fabaceae alt. Leguminosae subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Phaseoleae subtribe: Glycininae.
Also placed in: Papilionaceae. A vigorous, creeping, twining or trailing, short-lived perennial herb, up to several metres long, forming a tangled mass of foliage cm thick, with densely pilose stems with long rust-coloured hairs.
Pod linear-oblongoid, cm x 3. Seeds per pod , compressed squarish, mm long, yellowish or reddish-brown. Grazing legume, green manure, pioneer legume and cover crop. Mainly used as cover crop in tropical tree plantations over the past years. Recognised as a valuable pioneer species, reducing erosion and improving soil fertility.
Despite generally low palatability, cattle graze calopo during the latter part of the dry season in tropical Asia and Africa. Grows on a wide range of soil types, but prefers clay soils with pH 4. In tropical America, grows well on acid soils with high Al saturation. Poor tolerance of salinity. Adapted to the hot, wet tropics with annual rainfall exceeding 1, mm where individual plants will persist for years.
Poor drought tolerance but plants will regenerate from seed. Good tolerance of inundation. Prefers humid-tropical, low elevations but will grow up to altitudes of 2, m asl. DM yield, root growth and nodulation decrease markedly as light transmission decreases. Less shade tolerant than C. Calopo is self-fertile and seeds freely. May act as an annual in seasonally dry environments.
It is not tolerant of frequent severe defoliation but can be cut at intervals of months. Recovers slowly from defoliation. In grazing systems, best results are achieved with rotational grazing at week intervals. When broadcast, seed should be spread on the soil surface and then rolled to improve establishment. Calopo is promiscuous in its rhizobia requirements, but cowpea inoculant can be used in sterile soils.
Can also be established into cultivated strips prepared using disc harrows. Established well when broadcast into upland rice following the final weeding.
Mid-season plantings may reduce rice yields. Will dominate cover crop mixtures during early growth due to its rapid establishment, but is suppressed by shading as other species develop. Commonly reported as a volunteer legume in humid-tropical native pastures.
However, its low palatability can lead to calopo dominance. Sometimes oversown into signal grass Brachiaria decumbens pastures in Brazil. Affected by viruses, including cowpea severe mosaic comovirus geminiviruses, and Centrosema mosaic potexvirus, but these rarely significantly impede growth. Susceptible to the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne javanica. Can become a localised weed in humid-tropical environments.
Has invaded tropical ecosystems in northern Australia and is listed as a weed in the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia. Generally regarded as being of low-moderate palatability , but considerably more palatable than C. Cattle in confinement have refused to consume freshly cut material, eating the legume only if wilted. In other situations, the legume is consumed after cattle become accustomed to it. However, in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil, where pastures may naturally contain a significant amount of the legume , grazing cattle have been observed consuming plants without any problems.
DM yields generally decline over time with repeated cutting or grazing, and yields may be substantially lower in the second and third years after planting. When used as an improved fallow , C.
In Brazil, cattle grazing signal grass Brachiaria decumbens and B. The legume percentage decreased linearly from the 1st to the 3rd year. There are no breeding programs for calopo. A large germplasm collection was assessed by Pizarro and Carvalho , who reported significant variation in DM productivity, dry season leaf retention, nutritive value IVDMD , seed yield and natural habitat collection site.
Produces high yields of seed. Seed may sprout in the pod in wet conditions. Carvalho-Okano, R. Leguminosae - Lotoideae no Brasil. Chen, C. In: 't Mannetje, L. McSweeney, C. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture , 26 , Pizarro, E. Journal of Applied Seed Production , 15 , Pasturas Tropicales , 10 , Veasey, E.
Boletim de Industria Animal , 56 , CIAT , , and Brazil These accessions were selected for further evaluation based on yield, high seed production, good vegetative growth and high tolerance to pests and diseases. Calopogonium mucunoides. Click on images to enlarge Flowers, pods and seeds. Densely hairy stems, foliage, and flowers. Vigorous cover in tropical Australia.
Used as groundcover and green manure. All rights reserved. HTM Cultivars. A commercial line, derived from plantation agriculture, used in countries of tropical America. Promising accessions. Have superior dry season leaf retention. These accessions were selected for further evaluation based on yield, high seed production, good vegetative growth and high tolerance to pests and diseases.
Calopogonium is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It belongs to the subfamily Faboideae. Calopogunium mucunoides is a vine that was introduced into Australia as a pasture legume. It has become naturalized in disturbed sites, waste areas and crops along roadsides and waterways and on the edges of rainforests in the wetter tropical regions of Northern Australia.
The PFAF Bookshop
We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Calopogonium brachycarpum Hemsl. Calopogonium orthocarpum Urb. Glycine javanica "sensu Backer, non L. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
NQld, Australia. Family: Fabaceae alt. Leguminosae subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Phaseoleae subtribe: Glycininae. A vigorous, creeping, twining or trailing, short-lived a plant whose life cycle extends over more than two growing seasons. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines. Recognised as a valuable pioneer species, reducing erosion and improving the ability of a soil to hold and release nutrients for plant growth.