It is written as a dialogue between Plato's brother Glaucon and his mentor Socrates , narrated by the latter. The allegory is presented after the analogy of the sun b—c and the analogy of the divided line d—e. Plato has Socrates describe a group of people who have lived chained to the wall of a cave all of their lives, facing a blank wall. The people watch shadows projected on the wall from objects passing in front of a fire behind them, and give names to these shadows.
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On the basis of textual evidence, the article raises questions regarding the main hypotheses grounding the effort to find an epistemo-logical parallel between the cave and the line: that the prisoners represent humanity in general, and that the cave symbolizes the visible world of everyday experience, while the world outside the cave represents the realm of ideas. The suspension of these assumptions makes possible a reading that highlights the cultural and politi-cal issues at stake in this famous allegory.
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Ideas y Valores
Mito da caverna
Allegory of the cave