While a majority of the Tamil Nadu ministers have been retained as candidates, some outgoing legislators, including 10 ministers, have been dropped. The notable new entrant is Panruti S. Ramachandran, who had quit the DMDK. Pandiarajan out of them has been given a ticket. Jayalalithaa has also fielded M. He will contest from Mylapore in the heart of Chennai.
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Karunanidhi DMK. The fourteenth legislative assembly election was held on 13 April to elect members from constituencies in the India state of Tamil Nadu. Results were released on 13 May Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam boycotted the election following disagreement with Jayalalithaa over seat-sharing. The outgoing Karunanidhi government was noted for the construction of new assembly building in Chennai , execution of various developmental projects and implementation of new entitlement programs including free health care for the poor and issuance of a range of freebies such as colour television to all.
However, these numerous achievements were overshadowed by other major issues such as increasing prices of essential items, 2G spectrum case and undue influence of Karunanidhi's extended family in various aspects of Tamil politics and business. The election commission enforced stringent measures to curb the widespread abuse of power to bribe voters that was common in previous elections; it also imposed strict campaign discipline by imposing the 10 PM curfew. The commission headed by the chief election officer Praveen Kumar was commended for conducting the election in a strict and fair manner.
The election recorded the highest polling ever in the state - AIADMK front won the election winning in constituencies; the AIADMK party alone secured a massive majority by carrying seats and became eligible to form the government without requiring the support of its coalition partners. Political analysts concluded that the election was a referendum on the outgoing DMK government and the powerful anti-incumbency sentiment helped the ADMK coalition.
Jayalalithaa along with 33 ministers was sworn-in as the Chief minister of Tamil Nadu for the third time on 16 May by governor Surjit Singh Barnala. It also provided job for over , people in various departments of the government and introduced free concrete house scheme for the poor. It also implemented various road, bridge and drinking water projects in Chennai and all over Tamil Nadu.
However, the election was dominated by three major issues, increase in price of essential commodities, 2G spectrum case and nepotism. Inflation was high during late to early ; The price of food and other essential commodities had increased exponentially affecting middle class and poor people: Onions were sold for Rs.
This historical rise in price of essential food items was believed to be due to increased rainfall in North Indian states. The case was alleged to have costed The five years of Karunanidhi's rule also saw an undue influence of his extended family members in various aspects of Tamil business and politics . Electoral alliances began to take shape in late She was alluding to the major political changes that took place in Tamil Nadu after election in which Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam defeated Indian National Congress for the first time and subsequently, Congress has then never won an election in the state till date.
The party had decided to support ADMK in a resolution adopted at a high level meeting citing deteriorating law and order and corruption. He supported ADMK and encouraged other parties to do so as well. On the 41st anniversary of the founding of Thuglak on 14 January, he delivered an address that strongly opposed ruling DMK party.
This brought to an end the possibilities of 3rd Front and DMDK contesting the elections on their own. He delivered a speech in a rally attended by an estimated 20, to 30, people in Nagapattinam on 22 February condemning the actions of Sri Lankan military against Tamil Nadu fishermen. Chandrasekhar , noted film director and father of actor Vijay met with Jayalalitha three times during the run-up to the election and announced Makkal Iyakkam's decision to support the ADMK front in Trichy on 27 March.
In the middle of March, amidst discussion to finalise the allocation of constituencies, ADMK surprised its allies by unilaterally deciding the constituencies in which it will field candidates. Most of the seats ADMK took from its alliance partners were given back bringing the standoff to an end. Tamil Nadu Congress Committee president K. Thankabalu confirmed the continuation of his party's alliance with DMK on 21 January.
Thirumavalavan said his party will work for the victory of DMK coalition. It was later reduced to 30 to accommodate Congress which was firm on contesting 63 seats. Mylapore MLA and actor-turned politician S. However her nomination was rejected by election commission citing incomplete submission of relevant documents. The nomination of K. Thangabalu, who was the replacement candidate was accepted making him the official congress candidate.
Upset over the tough posture adopted by the Congress during the seat-sharing negotiations, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam on 5 March decided to pull out its Ministers from the Union government and provide only issue-based support. A resolution to this effect was adopted at a meeting of the high-level committee of the party at Anna Arivalayam, the party headquarters. The party was headed in Tamil Nadu by a steering committee composed of six people including Vijay Anand of 5th Pilar.
BJP leader L. Ganesan declared on 13 January that BJP will go alone in the elections. When no seat was allocated to his party by ADMK, he decided to contest the election alone in 25 to 40 seats. Educationist-turned-politician T. The front is fielding candidates in more than constituencies.
The Samooka Samathuva Padai will mobilise significant dalit votes in constituencies like Tindivanam, Krishnarayapuram, Haroor and Gangavalli. Sivakami herself is contesting from Gangavalli. Bahujan Samaj Party which is ruling in Uttar Pradesh has decided to field candidates for all seats and will be contesting alone.
The party announced its candidate list on 18 March. It contested 40 seats on its own. They are concentrating on Coimbatore, Ramanathapuram and some parts of Chennai. Ahila Indiya Parampariya Meenavar Sangam decided to contest in 27 constituencies that constitute a major population of fishermen. The decision was made in a meeting of fishermen's unions from across Tamil Nadu held in Pattinapakkam headed by its general secreatary Rubeshkumar.
Udayakumar and S. Communist Party of India general secretary A. Bardhan exhorted Jayalalithaa to lead the battle to unseat the corrupt regime at the Centre after its victory in Tamil Nadu. Ramadoss , leader of Pattali Makkal Katchi expressed his dissatisfaction with people from film industry ruling Tamil Nadu since He also urged voters not to vote for Vijayakanth with long career as a Tamil actor.
Eswaran , general secretary of KMK, urged the government to focus more on infrastructure development in the Kongu region. Addressing a rally near Marina beach in Chennai, Gandhi said Tamil Nadu had become a front-ranking state whose ideas of development and welfare were copied by the rest. Addressing an election rally which was presided over by Union Home Minister P.
Chidambaram , he said that Tamil Nadu was one of the most progressive States in the country. It had achieved an important place in industrial, textile, automobile sectors and information technology; A number of social welfare schemes were being implemented. It was leading in health care and higher education in the country. DMK president and CM Karunanidhi released election manifesto for the election that mentioned it would give: .
The election commission was commended for conducting the election in a strict and fair manner. It also strictly enforced 10 PM curfew on campaigning. Only now they are conducting them. The pre-polls indicated a great deal of anger towards the incumbent government, due to corruption allegations and recent food price rises. Source: Tamil Nadu Election Website . Poll notification was issued on 19 March.
The last date of filing nominations was 26 March and candidates were allowed to withdraw their nominations until 30 March. The state election commission scrutinised the nominations on 28 March. Election was held in a single phase on 13 April Chennai district and Kanyakumari district polled the lowest number of votes, Adjusted Adj. Karunanidhi submitted his resignation to Governor Surjit Singh Barnala , thus paving way for Jayalalithaa to swear-in on 16 May.
After the election, Jayalalithaa thanked her supporters and said "this is not a victory for me, but a victory for the state and the country".
She further stated that she wants to "rebuild the state, from the havoc created by the previous government" and insisted that she does not plan to share power with her allies.
While she admitted that 2G spectrum case played a huge role in their defeat, she further re-iterated that they have done everything they can to be transparent and that action has been taken against individuals responsible for the corruption.
Union Minister, P. Karunanidhi after the loss stated, "People have given me proper rest" and went on to congratulate the people of the state on the election outcome. Pre-polls and post-polls released before the counting showed a mixed picture and a close race and failed to predict the landslide victory for the AIADMK alliance.
Including this election, no incumbent party has ever won a re-election in Tamil Nadu since MGR's victory in election. The results were consistent with the anti-incumbency factor that is common in Tamil Nadu politics. The western region was already affected with major issues like power cuts, agricultural crisis and industrial pollution and the DMK members after the election admitted that family rule could be one of the reasons for their downfall.
DMK's best district was Nilgiris , which includes A. Raja 's former MP constituency. They were not able to win a single seat in this district, and lost by a margin of Major issue cited by them as a reason for voting against the DMK is supply of electricity. This failed to take place, since many rural voters were unhappy with the distribution of these freebies in a disproportionate manner and lack of policies targeting towards income generation schemes in rural areas.
This coupled with the recent food price rises resulted in a decline in rural support for the DMK. This election saw one of the worst performance of Congress in Tamil Nadu, winning only 5 seats out of 63 seats it contested. During the campaign, they were marred with in-fighting between state Congress leader K. Thangkabalu and other Congress members, which added to their declining support in the state.
She and all other ministers took oath in Tamil. Bardhan among others. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jayalalithaa M.
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2011 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election