Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime. He researched for 38 years, leading expeditions in the Balkans, the southern Carpathian Cvinic and Anatolia which produced a number of research papers. Learn more about Amazon Prime. Retrieved 24 August The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied.
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He began his scientific career as a geographer and geologist , and continued his activity as a human geographer and sociologist. After its failure in he moved to Loznica, built a house and opened a store.
His father, Todor d. After graduation, he wanted to study medicine, but Loznica could not provide him a scholarship to study abroad. A grammar-school teacher suggested that he attend geography classes at the Velika skola in Belgrade now the University of Belgrade. At that time geomorphology was taught by Albrecht Penck , geotectonics by Professor Sis president of the Austrian Academy and climatology by Julius von Hann.
He was interested in geology and geomorphology. When studying under Albrecht Penck 's tutelage he was encouraged to focus on the study of karst phenomena in the northern Dinaric Alps which was a region Penck was already acknowledged with. This work was a publication of the key points of his doctoral thesis. This work describes landforms such as karren , dolines and poljes.
Nevertheless, his views on the role of climate on the development of karst were more accurate than those of various climatic geomorphologists that succeeded him and who greatly exaggerated the role of climate. He traveled during difficult social and political times, exposing himself to unpleasant and life-threatening situations especially in countries under Ottoman and Austrian rule before World War I.
Until then, he later said, he had little of the interest in folklore, ethnology and national politics he later developed. In Serbia, interest developed in folkloric research; this encouraged the first systematically-gathered data in ethnology.
His basic concepts are presented in the Balkan-peninsula paper, "Human-geography problems". He and his students took wide exploration of this phenomenon, eventually establishing the Serbian ethnological-historic school which gathered ethnological material from all around the Balkan peninsula and encompassed exploration of written sources.
His efforts and research helped him gather crucial data, which he used during negotiations on the state borders of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia after World War I. At the end of , the Serbian government named him their chief expert on ethnographic borders; in , he was elected president of a unit dealing with territorial issues as part of the state delegation to the Paris Peace Conference.
Traveling as a student and a professor throughout the Balkans later in life, he developed an interest in folklore and culture and organized ethnographical research in the department of geography. He was influential in establishing five new faculties: medicine, agriculture and theology in Belgrade, philosophy in Skopje and the Subotica Law School. Grammar school forms the intelligence and character perhaps even deeper and stronger than university; it influences the spirit and moral value of future intellectuals.
Besides university, the moral and spiritual situation and its development depend on the type of grammar school, what will its civilization get, and in the end, will it slow or interfere with the development of great personalities, which show the properties of one nation.
He published detailed instructions for conducting field research into populations and habitats to help his colleagues, including the article "On scientific research and our University". For economic independence, Serbia must acquire access to the Adriatic Sea and one part of the Albanian coastline: by occupation of the territory or by acquiring economic and transportation rights to this region. This, therefore, implies occupying an ethnographically foreign territory, but one that must be occupied due to particularly important economic interests and vital needs.
He described as Slav three ethnographic groups previously considered Bulgarians: the Macedonian Slavs , the Shopi and the Torlaks. His research was published into Serbian press which resulted in a chauvinistic denial of any great value of Albanian culture , depicting them as armed robbers ravaging through Christian cities. You should get used to constant thinking about a problem, work, profession until you find a solution.
There are bright moments, especially bright nights, which are rare; where you can find an answer to a question or come up with a research plan. That time of spiritual lucidity and creativity should be put to use, and not thinking about rest according to that ordinary human, oriental laziness.
That does not hurt the body, and if it does hurt, the body exists in order to be spent properly. In he began a magazine, the Serbian Geographic Society Herald , which is still published. He founded the Faculty of Philosophy's Geographical Institute in the first such organization in the Balkans , managing it until his death.
The museum features manuscripts, letters, notes, books, paintings, geographical charts, atlases and personal items, and occasional lectures are presented. He belonged to 30 scientific societies academies, geographical and natural societies , receiving ten decorations. Two varieties of saffron were named after him.
One of the best-known is The Balkan Peninsula. Other publications include:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Serbian scientist. Loznica , Principality of Serbia. Belgrade , Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
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Environmental Geology. World Digital Library. Retrieved 23 January Archived from the original PDF on 5 December Retrieved 14 June Retrieved 5 June Origins, History, Politics", Ivo Banac, pp. Retrieved 24 December Kraljevine Srbije. Royal Geographical Society. Archived from the original PDF on 27 September Retrieved 24 August Konfesionalnost i nacionalnost Bosne i Hercegovine in Croatian. Mostar: Ziral. Belgrade: Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. National symbols of Serbia.
Coat of arms Flag Anthem Constitution State decoration. Names of Serbia. Slava Kolo Singing to the accompaniment of the gusle. Nikola Tesla Archive Miroslav Gospel. Nature park Golija-Studenica Gornje Podunavlje. Saint Sava. Presidents of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
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