He was born at Bindwal in Azamgarh district of present-day Uttar Pradesh. Shibli was a versatile scholar in Arabic , Persian , Turkish and Urdu. He was also a poet. He collected much material on the life of the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad but could write only first two volumes of the planned work the Sirat-un-Nabi.
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He was born at Bindwal in Azamgarh district of present-day Uttar Pradesh. Shibli was a versatile scholar in Arabic , Persian , Turkish and Urdu. He was also a poet. He collected much material on the life of the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad but could write only first two volumes of the planned work the Sirat-un-Nabi. His disciple, Syed Sulaiman Nadvi , made use of this material and added to it and also wrote remaining five volumes of the work, the Sirat-un-Nabi after the death of his mentor.
He was born to Shaikh Habibullah and Moqeema Khatoon. Shibli went to Makkah for the Hajj and there, he devoted his time to furthering his studies in Islamic theology , history , philosophy and Sufism from different scholars in Arabia. He travelled with Thomas Arnold in to Syria , Egypt , Turkey and other countries of the Middle East and got direct and practical experience of their societies. He initiated many reforms in the Hyderabad education system. From his policy, the Osmania University of Hyderabad adopted Urdu as the medium of instruction.
Before that, no other university of India had adopted any vernacular language as the medium of instruction in higher studies. He introduced reforms in the school's teaching and curriculum. He stayed at the school for five years but the orthodox class of scholars became hostile towards him, and he had to leave Lucknow to settle in the area around his hometown, Azamgarh in Earlier at Nadwa, he had wanted to establish Darul Musannifin or the House of Writers but he could not do this at that time.
He bequeathed his bungalow and mango orchard and motivated the members of his clan and relatives to do the same and had succeeded. He wrote letters to his disciples and other eminent persons and sought their co-operation. Eventually one of his disciples, Syed Sulaiman Nadvi fulfilled his dream and established Darul Musannifin at Azamgarh.
The first formal meeting of the institution was held on 21 November , within three days of his death. Shibli's genius had its flowering in Aligarh University when he came into contact with Sir Syed Ahmed and British scholars. Both Shibli and Sir Syed Ahmed wished for the welfare of Muslims, and wanted to have Western thinking and style come along with it.
However, Sir Syed wanted to save the Muslims from the wrath of the British rulers after their active participation in the War of Independence , called the " Sepoy Mutiny " of by the British colonialist rulers, whereas, Shibli wanted to make them self-reliant and self-respecting by regaining their lost heritage and tradition.
Shibli was a staunch supporter of Pan-Islamism. He wrote poems and articles decrying the British and other Western powers when Turkey was defeated in the Balkan Wars and he urged the world Muslims to unite. According to some scholars, Shibli was against the Aligarh movement. He opposed the ideology of Sir Syed and that is why he was debarred from the services of Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College.
In another book, 'Ataturk Fi Karbala by Dr. Arif ul Islam', the author alleged that Shibli was not happy with Sir Syed's policies and ideologies and was involved vehemently against Aligarh movement. Shibli's first critical reference is not to Sir Syed but to Altaf Hussain Hali with reference to "Hayat-i-Javed" which Shibli referred to as "sheer hagiography" sarasar madah sarai.
It was only later, i. From these writings, one is inclined to agree with the reasons assigned by Shaikh Ikram for this change of attitude. These are:. Shibli and Azad's desire that promoters of the proposed Muslim University should not give up the demand for an all India affiliating jurisdiction.
These Muslim families were favorable to the ideology of Indian National Congress party. They were called 'pro-Congress' people. He had another son who died soon after birth, and five daughters. Shibli was greatly inspired by the progress of science and education in the West. He wanted to inspire the Muslims to make similar progress by having recourse to their lost heritage and culture, and warned them against getting lost in Western culture.
Shibli's own writings set the pattern for the latter. While Maulana Aslam Jairajpuri pointed out errors in "Sher-ul-Ajam", it was not mentioned that Shibli was the first to write a biography of Maulana Rumi.
Though differences between Sir Syed and Shibli are highlighted, but it has not been pointed out that in spite of Sir Syed's opposition to the writing of "Al-Farooq", Shibli never complained about it. Sir Syed lamented that Shibli's Persian poetry was never tested on its merit and was wrongly associated with his acquaintance with an enlightened intellectual lady of the time Madam Atiya Fyzee.
He refuted Shaikh Mohammad Ikram's claim in this regard and subtly highlighted delicacy of Shibli's thought moulded into his Persian poetry" . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Dars-i Nizami Maturidi theology Hanafi fiqh. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Outlines of Muhammadan Law. July Aligarh Muslim University. Maulana Azad Library. Aftab Hall. Muslim scholars of the Hanafi School.
Ali Hujwiri Sarakhsi. Categories : births deaths Hanafis Contemporary Indian philosophers People from Azamgarh district Writers from Lucknow Indian Muslims Muslim communities of Uttar Pradesh Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulama Urdu religious writers Urdu travel writers Urdu writers from British India 20th-century Urdu writers Literary critics of Urdu Urdu theologians 19th-century Indian non-fiction writers 20th-century Indian non-fiction writers 19th-century Indian philosophers 20th-century Indian philosophers Indian male writers 19th-century male writers Scholars from Lucknow.
Aurangzeb and Polarization of Society in the Indian Subcontinent
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Shibli Academy Marching Towards Progress
In fact in those early days it set a new standard for Urdu publications. Its publications were marked for their quality of printing and calligraphy. This standard was maintained for long but with the passage of time the situation gradually changed. After independence, due to combination of a variety of reasons, financial stability of the Academy was adversely affected. As help did not come, its financial condition continued to deteriorate and in the recent years it turned into a veritable crisis. Acute shortage of funds affected every aspect of the Academy. Living conditions of the staff became miserable and even routine maintenance of this grand old institution that constitutes one of the finest achievements of the Muslims of Indian subcontinent became impossible.