ACOG PRACTICE BULLETIN NO.95 ANEMIA IN PREGNANCY PDF

Anemia, the most common hematologic abnormality, is a reduction in the concentration of erythrocytes or hemoglobin in blood. The two most common causes of anemia in pregnancy and the puerperium are iron deficiency and acute blood loss. Iron requirements increase during pregnancy, and a failure to maintain sufficient levels of iron may result in adverse maternal-fetal consequences. The purpose of this document is to provide a brief overview of the causes of anemia in pregnancy, review iron requirements, and provide recommendations for screening and clinical management of anemia during pregnancy.

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By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy. Login Sign Up. Anemia, the most common hematologic abnormality, is a reduction in the concentration of erythrocytes or hemoglobin in blood. The two most common causes of anemia in pregnancy and the puerperium are iron deficiency and acute blood loss. Iron requirements increase during pregnancy, and a failure to maintain sufficient levels of iron may result in adverse maternal-fetal consequences.

The purpose of this document is to provide a brief overview of the causes of anemia in pregnancy, review iron requirements, and provide recommendations for screening and clinical management of anemia during pregnancy.

Full Text Links We have located links that may give you full text access. Full Text Web. Additional links. Discussion You are not logged in. Anemia during pregnancy and treatment with intravenous iron: review of the literature. Treatment of common anaemias. Hookworm disease in pregnancy with severe anemia. R Nakamura Sanfujinka No Jissai. Practice of Gynecology and Obstetrics , 20 9 : Rethinking iron supplementation during pregnancy. P J Long Journal of Nurse-midwifery , 40 1 : Pregnancy anemias.

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Anemia in Pregnancy

Iron deficiency anemia dur in g pregnancy has beenassociated with an in creased risk of low birth weight,preterm delivery, and per in atal mortality 11, Inaddition, there may be an association between maternaliron deficiency anemia and postpartum depression, withpoor results in mental and psychomotor performancetest in g in offspr in g 13— Macrocytic Anemia Macrocytic anemia may be megaloblastic or nonmegaloblastic. Causes of megaloblastic anemia in clude folateand vitam in B 12deficiency and pernicious anemia. Causesof nonmegaloblastic anemia in clude alcoholism, liver disease,myelodysplasia, aplastic anemia, hypothyroidism,and an in creased reticulocyte count. Macrocytic anemia ischaracterized by an MCV greater than fL. Levelsgreater than fL are almost exclusively seen in patientswith folic acid or vitam in B 12deficiencies.

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ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 95: Anemia in Pregnancy

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