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This article will be permanently flagged as inappropriate and made unaccessible to everyone. Are you certain this article is inappropriate? Email Address:. By some, it is estimated to have been composed between BCE, the Yajurveda 'Samhita', or 'compilation', contains the liturgy mantras needed to perform the sacrifices of the Veda , and the added Brahmana and Shrautasutra add information on the interpretation and on the details of their performance.
There are two primary versions or Samhitas of the Yajurveda: Shukla white and Krishna black. Both contain the verses necessary for rituals, but the Krishna Yajurveda includes the Brahmana prose discussions mixed within the Samhita , while the Shukla Yajurveda has separately a Brahmana text, the Shatapatha Brahmana.
The Shukla Yajurveda is represented by the Vajasaneyi Samhita. The name Vajasaneyi is derived from Vajasaneya, patronymic of sage Yajnavalkya , an authority and according to tradition, founder of the Vajasaneyi branch.
The Vajasaneyi Samhita has forty chapters or adhyayas , containing the formulas used with the following rituals:. There are two nearly identical shakhas or recensions of the Vajasaneyi Samhita VS :. Both the Kanva and Madhyandina Samhitas have been transmitted with the common anudatta, udatta, and svarita accentuation unlike the two-tone bhasika accent of the Shatapatha Brahmana.
The Madhyandina Samhita is popular in all over North India, Gujarat, parts of Maharashtra north of Nashik and thus commands a numerous following. Sureshvaracharya , one of the four main disciples of Jagadguru Adi Shankara , is said to have followed the Kanva shakha.
The Vedic rituals of the Ranganathaswamy Temple at Srirangam , the second biggest temple in India, are performed according to the Kanva shakha.
The Shukla Yajurveda has two Upanishads associated with it: the Ishavasya , as the last part of te Samhita, and the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, the last part of the Shatapatha Brahmana. The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad is the most voluminous of all Upanishads. There are four recensions of the Krishna Yajurveda:. Each of the recensions has or had a Brahmana associated with it, and most of them also have associated Shrautasutras , Grhyasutras , Aranyakas , Upanishads and Pratishakhyas.
By his learned knowledge, he was able to retch out what he had studied. This regurgitated portion was swallowed by a covey of partridges and known as the TS. Some individual hymns in this Samhita have gained particular importance in Hinduism ; e. The Taittiriya recension of the Black Yajurveda is the shakha now most prevalent in southern India. Among the followers of this Shakha, the Apastamba Sutras are the common.
The Taittiriya Upanishad and Mahanarayana Upanishad are considered to be the seventh, eighth, ninth and tenth prashnas of the Aranyaka. The words prapathaka and kanda meaning sections are interchangeably used in Vedic literature. Prashna and valli refer to sections of the Aranyaka. These are:. There is another short tract apart from the above, commonly known as Ekagni Kanda, which mainly consists of mantra-s used in the marriage and other rituals. Propounded, according to tradition, by the Sage Maitreya, the followers of this shakha reside in northern parts of Maharastra and in Gujarat.
Like the Katha Samhita, it provides much more detailed accounts of some rituals. In fact, it is the oldest Yajurveda Samhita preserved. Its Brahmana portions are interspersed with the Mantra sections, like in the Taittiriya Samhita.
The well known Maitrayaniya Upanishad and Maitrayaniya Aranyaka belong to this shakha. Two schools of the Shrautasutras , Grhyasutras and Shulba Sutras are related to this shakha:. The Caraka-Katha and Kapisthala shakhas are available with their texts. Previously Brahmins of Kashmir and Punjab were the followers of these shakhas; nowadays only the Kashmiris follow the Grhya rituals of the Katha Shakha. Like the Maitrayani Samhita, it offers much more detailed discussion of some rituals than the younger Taittiriya samhita that frequently summarizes such accounts.
It comprises 40 chapters, apparently originally arranged into 5 books. The Brahmana of this school, originally consisting of chapters 'shatadhyayana' , is available only in some fragments some have been edited ; however, the major portion of the Katha Aranyaka, based on just one Kashmiri birchbark manuscript, has recently been printed. The Shrautasutra is available only in some very short fragments. My Dashboard Get Published. Sign in with your eLibrary Card close. Flag as Inappropriate.
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Vajasaneyi-Samhita, Vājasaneyi-Saṃhitā, Vajasaneyisamhita: 3 definitions
Advaitavadini Kaul on the address mentioned below. Electronic transfer of money may be sent as per the details below:. It is principally in prose form. But one of its definitions says —. The Yajurveda is more pronouncedly a ritual Veda for it is essentially a guide-book for the Adhvaryu priest who had to do practically all ritualistic works in a sacrifice. His works vary from the selection of a plot of land for the sacrificial altar down to offering oblations to the sacred fires. Just as the Samaveda-Samhita is the song-book of the Udgata priest, so the Yajurveda-Samhitas are the prayer-books for the Adhvaryu priest.
The exact century of Yajurveda's composition is unknown, and estimated by scholars to be around to BCE, contemporaneous with Samaveda and Atharvaveda. The Yajurveda is broadly grouped into two — the "black" or "dark" Krishna Yajurveda and the "white" or "bright" Shukla Yajurveda. The term "black" implies "the un-arranged, unclear, motley collection" of verses in Yajurveda, in contrast to the "white" which implies the "well arranged, clear" Yajurveda. The earliest and most ancient layer of Yajurveda samhita includes about 1, verses, that are distinct yet borrow and build upon the foundation of verses in Rigveda. Two of the oldest surviving manuscript copies of the Shukla Yajurveda sections have been discovered in Nepal and Western Tibet , and these are dated to the 12th-century CE. Monier-Williams translates yajus as "religious reverence, veneration, worship, sacrifice, a sacrificial prayer, formula, particularly mantras muttered in a peculiar manner at a sacrifice". Johnson states yajus means " mostly prose formulae or mantras, contained in the Yajur Veda, which are muttered".