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Ruminal indigestion and intestinal obstruction in cattle associated with consumption of Agave sisalana Perrine. Eduardo M. Rosane M. Medeiros 2. Sara V.

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Ruminal indigestion and intestinal obstruction in cattle associated with consumption of Agave sisalana Perrine. Eduardo M. Rosane M. Medeiros 2. Sara V. O rebanho acometido era formado por 22 animais adultos, criados de forma semiextensiva, que, devido a escassez de forragem, receberam no cocho, quase que exclusivamente, durante dois meses, o caule do A.

Indigestion due to compaction of the ruminal content is a digestive disorder resulting from low-quality forage intake, rich in lignin and with low levels of energy and digestible protein, with or without water restriction. The accumulation of plant residues rich in indigestible fibers can also lead to formation of phytobezoars, causing digestive disorders and intestinal obstructions.

The objective of this paper was to describe the epidemiology and the clinical and pathological changes of an outbreak of indigestion and other digestive disorders in cattle fed Agave sisalana.

The affected herd consisted of 22 adult cattle reared in a semi-extensive system, which ingested almost exclusively stalks of A.

Six cows showed decreased appetite and rumination, abdominal distension, and reduced production of dried feces. One animal was referred to the Veterinary Hospital. The presumptive diagnosis of indigestion was made by the epidemiologic data, clinical signs, and laboratory evaluation.

At necropsy, the rumen, reticulum and omasum were filled with fibrous and dried A. A viscous, greenish brownish content was present in the abomasum. Numerous phytobezoars were found in the pre-stomachs and abomasum measuring cm in diameter.

One phytobezoar was partially obstructing the duodenum, with the cranial part of the organ filled with intestinal content, and the caudal portion was empty. It is concluded that the administration of A. Agave sisalana Perrine Fig. D Rebanho bovino comendo A. No segundo dia de internamento o animal morreu e foi necropsiado.

A planta foi fornecida como alimento durante dois meses aos animais. Assis T. Bath G. A specific form of abomasal phytobezoar in goats and sheep. South African Vet.

Control measures for some important and unusual goat diseases in southern Africa. Small Rumin. Brown C. Alimentary system, p. In: Maxie M. Elsevier, Oxford. Cebra C. Gravel obstruction in the abomasum or duodenum of two cows.

Coutinho L. Revta Bras. Dhoot V. Phytobezoar in a blue bull. Indian Vet. Dirksen G. In: Dirksen G. Fubini S. Surgery of the bovine large intestine. North Am. Garry F. Comparision of naturally occurring proximal duodenal obstruction and abomasal volvulus in dairy cattle. Guard C. In: Smith B. Helayel M. Jain N. Essentials of Veterinary Hematology. Lea and Febinger, Philadelphia. Judd W. Plant Systematics: a phylogenetic approach. Sinauer Associates, Massachusetts. Lira M.

Medeiros J. Melendez P. An outbreak of sand impaction in postpartum dairy cows. Mesquita L. Mitchell K. Dietary abomasal impaction in a herd of dairy replacement heifers.

Moscardini A. In: Riet-Correa F. Oliveira L. Pearson H. Intestinal obstruction in cattle. Purohit N. Abomasal impaction in a cow.

Radostits O. Veterinary Medicine: a textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats. Saunders, Edinburgh. Silva Neto P. Monografia, Faculdade de Jaguarina, SP. Simkins K. Omasal and abomasal impaction in beef suckler cows. Ubiali D. Fabaceae, Papilionoideae. Services on Demand Journal. Abstract: Indigestion due to compaction of the ruminal content is a digestive disorder resulting from low-quality forage intake, rich in lignin and with low levels of energy and digestible protein, with or without water restriction.

Recebido: 01 de Setembro de ; Aceito: 29 de Abril de How to cite this article.

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