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The Transsexual Empire: The Making of the She-Male ; second edition is a book critical of transsexualism by the American radical feminist author and activist Janice Raymond. The book is derived from Raymond's dissertation, which was produced under the supervision of the feminist theologian Mary Daly.

Raymond investigates the role of transsexualism in society — particularly psychological and surgical approaches to it — and argues that transsexualism reinforces traditional gender stereotypes. Raymond also writes about the ways in which the medical-psychiatric complex is medicalizing gender identity and the social and political context that has helped spawn transsexual treatment and surgery as normal and therapeutic medicine. Raymond maintains that transsexualism is based on the "patriarchal myths" of "male mothering", and "making of woman according to man's image".

She claims this is done in order "to colonize feminist identification, culture, politics and sexuality ", adding: "All transsexuals rape women's bodies by reducing the real female form to an artifact, appropriating this body for themselves Transsexuals merely cut off the most obvious means of invading women, so that they seem non-invasive.

Raymond's views on transsexuality have been criticized by many in the LGBT and feminist communities as extremely transphobic , and constituting hate-speech against transsexual men and women. In The Transsexual Empire Raymond included sections on Sandy Stone , a trans woman who had worked as a sound engineer for Olivia Records , and Christy Barsky, accusing both of creating divisiveness in women's spaces.

Carol Riddell argues that The Transsexual Empire "did not invent anti-transsexual prejudice, but it did more to justify and perpetuate it than perhaps any other book ever written.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Dewey Decimal. The Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 27 September The Transsexual Empire , p. The Transsexual Empire , pp. The New York Times. Retrieved 21 June Janice G. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society.

The dispute between radical feminism and transgenderism". The New Yorker Magazine. In Stryker, Susan; Whittle, Stephen eds. The Transgender Studies Reader. United Kingdom: Routledge. Retrieved October 7, Categories : non-fiction books American non-fiction books Beacon Press books English-language books Radical feminist books Transgender non-fiction books Trans women Feminism and transgender Transphobia.

Hidden categories: Articles with short description. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Cover of the first edition. Transsexualism Radical feminism. Print Hardcover and Paperback.


The Transsexual Empire: The Making of the She-Male

RAYMOND, professor emerita of women s studies and medical ethics at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, has been a leader in the campaign to have prostitution recognized as violence against women. She has published many articles, some of which have appeared in the "Guardian" and the "Christian Science Monitor". She lives in western Massachusetts. Janice G. Fifteen years ago, when it was first published, The Transsexual Empire challenged the medical psychiatric definition of transsexualism as a disease and sex conversion hormones and surgery as the cure. It exposed the antifeminist stereotyping that requires candidates for transsexual surgery to prove themselves by conforming to subjective, outdated and questionable feminine roles and passing as women.


The Transsexual Empire

Janice G. Raymond born January 24, is an American lesbian radical feminist and professor emerita of women's studies and medical ethics at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. She is known for her work against violence, sexual exploitation and the medical abuse of women, and for her controversial work on transsexuality. She has published numerous articles on prostitution and lectures internationally on many of these topics via the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women. Raymond is professor emerita of women's studies and medical ethics at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. She was a faculty member at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst from on.


Janice Raymond




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