Embed Size px x x x x He continued to farm and give lectures until just a few years before his death. He had been in poor health since October , and in August of he asked his doctor to discontinue treatment. He passed away peacefully at his home a week later during the O-bon festival. O-bon, after New Years, is the most important Japanese holiday. It is when the ancestors come back to earth for three days to visit the living.

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Embed Size px x x x x He continued to farm and give lectures until just a few years before his death. He had been in poor health since October , and in August of he asked his doctor to discontinue treatment. He passed away peacefully at his home a week later during the O-bon festival. O-bon, after New Years, is the most important Japanese holiday. It is when the ancestors come back to earth for three days to visit the living.

It is a happy time. Villagers tend to the graves, families relax, visit and reminisce as children play together in the summer sun. On the evening of the third night the ancestors go back with a sendoff of songs and fireworks. Fukuoka-sensei died on the third day of O-bon. The following biography is excerpted. Masanobu Fukuoka was born on the Japanese island of Shikoku on 2 February Iyo, his birthplace, is a small town on the west coast, sixteen miles from the city of Matsuyama.

His family had been settled there for hundreds of years. On Iyo's hillsides overlooking Matsuyama, his father, Kameichi Fukuoka, cultivated mandarin oranges tangerines. These orchards, combined with extensive rice lands below, made Kameichi the largest landowner in the area. Kameichi was an educated man, having completed eight years of schooling, which was exceptional for his day. Repeatedly the local leaders selected him mayor. She was gentle, whereas his father was strict and permitted no luxuries in the household.

Even so, Fukuoka remembers a childhood of ease. Tenants tilled the family rice lands. As the second child of six and eldest son, his only chore was to gather wood after school each day. The family was Buddhist but was tolerant toward Christianity, which had penetrated the Iyo region long before; as a boy Fukuoka was accustomed to seeing Christian symbols incorporated into household Shinto shrines.

Years later, he would send two of his daughters to missionary schools. Thus, for many years he rode his bicycle daily to Iyo Station, took the train to the city, and went the rest of the way on foot — about half an hour's walk. He claims to have been an inferior student who infuriated his teachers. One day, in a rage over his misbehavior, the music teacher slammed down the top of the village's only organ so hard that it broke. Although lessons did not interest him, the boy was impressed by the advice of his literature teacher who urged each student to make five fast friends during his lifetime so that there would be five people to weep for him when he died.

As it was expected that Fukuoka would inherit the family farm, his father sent him for higher education to Gifu Agricultural College, near Nagoya, on the main island of Honshu. Gifu was a three-year state college where students learned modern techniques for largescale farming. Once again, Fukuoka was an indifferent student who preferred to spend his time horseback riding and "fooling around"; student life was generally idyllic and irresponsible.

However, a feeling of impending crisis swept the school in when Japan annexed Manchuria. Fukuoka and his fellow students detested the intensified military training they were now obliged to undergo. He found good company among the students who gathered in Hiura's office to help with the professor's research and to chat. As jobs were scarce when Fukuoka graduated in , Hiura persuaded him to continue his research at Okayama Prefecture Agricultural Experiment Station. In its laboratory perched on top of a hill overlooking the city's port, Fukuoka studied diseases, fungi, and pests found on imported fruits and plants, spending his time, as he later recalled, "in amazement at the world of nature revealed through the eyepiece of the microscope.

During his time off, he enjoyed the life of the town and " fell in and out of love " several times. In his third year at Yokohama, however, he was struck down by acute pneumonia, or incipient tuberculosis. Hospitalized, he was subjected to wintry-cold air as part of his treatment.

His friends avoided him, fearing contagion. Even the nurses fled after taking his temperature because the room was so cold. Sick and lonely, Fukuoka feared for his life. He was twenty-five. When he finally recovered and returned to work, Fukuoka remained distracted by his harrowing brush with death and he began brooding obsessively about life and what it was meant to be.

One night during a long solitary walk on the hill overlooking Yokohama he approached the edge of a cliff. Looking down, he wondered what would happen if he fell from the cliff and died. Surely his mother would cry for him, but who else? Overcome by realization of his failure to acquire five true friends, he collapsed into a deep sleep at the foot of an elm tree. He awoke at dawn to the cry of a heron.

He watched the sun break through the morning mist. Birds sang. At this moment Fukuoka had a revelation: "In this world there is nothing at all. As he wrote later, he suddenly understood that " all the concepts to which he had been clinging were empty fabrications. All his agonies disappeared like dreams and illusions, a something one might call 'true nature' stood revealed. Fukuoka embarked immediately upon a new life.

The next day quit his job and set off gaily on an aimless journey. He wandered the sea, to Tokyo, to Osaka, Kobe, and Kyoto, and finally to. For months — he himself doesn't know how many — he lived on his severance pay and the generosity of others he jubilantly broadcast his newfound belief that " everything is meaningless.

He entrusted with his father's richly-bearing citrus grove, he beg putting his revelation to a practical test — by doing nothing! Convinced that everything should be allowed to take its natural course, Fukuoka left the meticulously pruned fruit trees to nature. He then watched as insects attacked, branches interlocked, and orchard began withering away.

His father's decimated grove provided Fukuoka his first important lesson in natural farming: you cannot change agricultural techniques abruptly — trees that have been cultivated cannot adapt to neglect. Besides the fact his parents' concern over his odd behavior, it was no longer considered appropriate for the son of the mayor to be "hiding" in the hills.

Acceding to his father's wishes, he accepted. He moved to remote Kochi, on the other side of Shikoku Island, a remained there for the next five years. At Kochi, Fukuoka and his colleagues were expected to increase wartime food production, especially through advances in scientific agriculture. While concentrating on research, Fukuoka also advised farmers about chemical farming and wrote a "farming tips" column for a local newspaper. On his own, however, he conducted comparative studies.

He compared yields from intensively cultivated crops enhanced with compost and chemical fertilizers and pesticides those achieved from crops grown without chemical additives.

His conclusion was that the use of fertilizers and pesticides was not really necessary. Although these additives resulted in a marginally higher yield, the value of the yield did not exceed the cost of achieving.

Thus, at Kochi Fukuoka established to his satisfaction the superiority of natural farming over farming with chemical aids. Building upon his earlier revelation that " doing nothing was best ," these studies laid the scientific basis for his lifework. During holidays from the research station, Fukuoka visited his family in Iyo. On one of these visits in the winter of , a local matchmaker introduced him to six young women, one of whom, Ayako Higuchi, pleased him and agreed to be his wife.

They were married in the spring. The first of their five children, daughter Masumi, was born the following year, to be followed in due course by a son, Masato, and three more daughters, Mizue, Mariko, and Misora. At Kochi, far from home and the battlefields, Fukuoka philosophically pondered the problems of war and peace.

At one point, he drafted his ideas in a letter to the president of the United States. He cannot remember whether he mailed it. Later, in Mu: The God Revolution, he compared the conflict among animals in nature with war among.

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Agricultura Natural – Masanobu Fukuoka

Fukuoka was the author of several Japanese books, scientific papers and other publications, and was featured in television documentaries and interviews from the s onwards. His influences went beyond farming to inspire individuals within the natural food and lifestyle movements. The system is based on the recognition of the complexity of living organisms that shape an ecosystem and deliberately exploiting it. Fukuoka re-invented and advanced the use of clay seed balls. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. Which cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left.


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