ARUNA SHANBAUG JUDGEMENT PDF

Pinki Virani had filed a plea in seeking that Aruna Shanbaug, who lived in a vegetative state for decades after a brutal rape, be allowed the dignity to die through passive euthanasia. A journalist activist Pinki Virani had filed a plea in seeking that Aruna Shanbaug, who lived in a vegetative state for decades after a brutal rape, be allowed the dignity to die through passive euthanasia. Here are details of the case. She was sexually assaulted by a ward boy, Sohanlal Bhartha Walmiki, when she was changing her clothes in the basement of the hospital on November 27,

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They were hearing the case Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug v. Union of India and Others, and ruled that in cases of irreversible illness, and after a thorough medical evaluation, passive euthanasia should be permitted.

The judgment provided strict guidelines for it, which involved clearance by a high court. She had been in a permanent vegetative state since after she was raped by a hospital employee Sohanlal Bhartha Walmiki. He asphyxiated her with a dog chain, and the lack of oxygen damaged her brain stem. Shanbaug, who was 25 years old at the time of the assault, was admitted and looked after by the state government-run hospital till her demise on May 18, She eventually died of a cardiac arrest brought on by pneumonia.

Over the years, she followed her progress. A next friend is appointed to take essential decisions for a person if they are unable to do so themselves and in the absence of a legal guardian. Virani pleaded with the court that passive euthanasia be allowed for Shanbaug. The judgment, an outcome of this litigation, declared the KEM hospital staff, instead of Virani, as next friend.

The nurses, in turn, chose to not stop her treatment. Shanbaug became a symbol for many things—the rape survivor who lived on, the recipient of caregiving of the hospital nurses and doctors, the lightning rod around whom the issue of passive euthanasia was fought and won.

Active euthanasia, by administering a lethal injection, continues to be illegal in India. It is a type of advance directive that may be used by a person before incapacitation to outline a full range of treatment preferences or, most often, to reject treatment.

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Aruna Shanbaug case

Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug 1 June — 18 May , was an Indian nurse who was at the centre of attention in a court case on euthanasia after spending 37 years in a vegetative state as a result of sexual assault. In , while working as a junior nurse at King Edward Memorial Hospital , Parel , Mumbai , Shanbaug was sexually assaulted by a ward boy, Sohanlal Bhartha Walmiki, and remained in a vegetative state following the assault. The court rejected the petition on 7 March However, in its landmark opinion, it allowed passive euthanasia in India. Shanbaug died of pneumonia on 18 May , after being in a persistent vegetative state for nearly 42 years.

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Supreme Court Delivers Historic Judgment on Aruna Shanbaug Case

They were hearing the case Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug v. Union of India and Others, and ruled that in cases of irreversible illness, and after a thorough medical evaluation, passive euthanasia should be permitted. The judgment provided strict guidelines for it, which involved clearance by a high court. She had been in a permanent vegetative state since after she was raped by a hospital employee Sohanlal Bhartha Walmiki.

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Aruna Shanbaug And The Right To Die With Dignity: Top Court Allows Passive Euthanasia

Now, with the new order in place, a person under medical treatment can decide when to give-up life support. However, the five-judge Constitution bench, headed by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, also maintained a few regulations on passive euthanasia. Notably, certain guidelines will be in force till legislation is passed by Parliament to deal with the issue. So, here is all you need to know about the case and passive euthanasia in particular. The case — The bench was hearing the PIL filed in by an NGO, which said that when a medical expert is of the opinion that a person afflicted with a terminal disease has reached a point of no return, he should be given the right to refuse life support.

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Aruna Shanbaug – The Woman who triggered the Euthanasia Debate in India

In , a two judge bench of the Supreme Court discussed about passive euthanasia in the case of Aruna Shanbaug. Ever since, her name has become synonymous with the debate over the controversial issue of Euthanasia Mercy Killing. Pinki Virani filed a writ petition in the Supreme Court with the prayer to stop feeding Aruna and let her die peacefully. The court passed a historic judgement in March allowing Passive Euthanasia with guidelines. The Judgment is a master piece to understand the various facets of this controversial issue and also to understand the medical terminology associated with such patients. Here is an attempt to summarise that judgement. On the evening of 27th November, she was attacked by a sweeper in the hospital who wrapped a dog chain around her neck and yanked her back with it.

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