HELIGOLAND TREATY PDF

In return, Germany recognized British authority in Zanzibar. Britain now used Zanzibar as a key link in the British control of East Africa. Germany gained the islands of Heligoland German : Helgoland in the North Sea , originally part of Danish Holstein-Gottorp but since a British possession, the so-called Caprivi Strip in what is now Namibia , and a free hand to control and acquire the coast of Dar es Salaam that would form the core of German East Africa later Tanganyika , now the mainland component of Tanzania. Britain divested itself of a naval base which covered the approaches to the main German naval bases in the North Sea, but which would be impossible to defend as Germany built up its navy.

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In return, Germany recognized British authority in Zanzibar. Britain now used Zanzibar as a key link in the British control of East Africa. Germany gained the islands of Heligoland German : Helgoland in the North Sea , originally part of Danish Holstein-Gottorp but since a British possession, the so-called Caprivi Strip in what is now Namibia , and a free hand to control and acquire the coast of Dar es Salaam that would form the core of German East Africa later Tanganyika , now the mainland component of Tanzania.

Britain divested itself of a naval base which covered the approaches to the main German naval bases in the North Sea, but which would be impossible to defend as Germany built up its navy. It immediately declared a protectorate over Zanzibar and, in the subsequent Anglo-Zanzibar War , gained full control of the sultanate. The treaty served German chancellor Leo von Caprivi 's aims for settlement with the British.

After the Berlin Conference , Germany had already lost the " Scramble for Africa ": the German East Africa Company under Carl Peters had acquired a strip of land on the Tanganyikan coast leading to the Abushiri Revolt , but had never had any control over the islands of the Zanzibar sultanate; the Germans gave away no vital interest. In return, they acquired Heligoland, strategically placed for control over the German Bight , which, with the construction of the Kiel Canal from onward, had become essential to Emperor Wilhelm's II plans for expansion of the Imperial Navy.

Wilhelm's naval policies aborted an accommodation with the British and ultimately led to a rapprochement between Britain and France , sealed with the Entente cordiale in The misleading name for the treaty was introduced by ex-Chancellor Otto von Bismarck , who intended to attack his despised successor Caprivi for concluding an agreement that Bismarck himself had arranged during his incumbency. However, Bismarck's nomenclature implied that Germany had swapped an African empire for tiny Heligoland "trousers for a button".

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Historical Dictionary of European Imperialism. Clarendon Press. Hidden categories: Articles containing German-language text Commons category link is on Wikidata Articles with German-language sources de. Namespaces Article Talk.

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Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty

To the north by the line that commences on the northern bank of the mouth of the Umba River, runs directly to Lake Jipe and, after passing along the eastern shore and around the northern shore of that lake, crosses the Lumi River and bisects the territories of Taveta and Chaga. Skirting the northern slope of the Kilimanjaro range, this line continues to the point on the eastern shore of Lake Victoria Nyanza that is intersected by the 1st degree of south latitude. It crosses the lake on this parallel and follows it to the border of the Congo Free State, where it terminates. It is understood, though, that the German sphere of interest on the western side of the aforementioned lake does not include Mount Mfumbiro. Should it turn out that this mountain lies to the south of the aforementioned parallel of latitude, the line of demarcation shall be drawn so as to exclude the mountain from the German sphere of interest; but the line shall nonetheless terminate at the previously described point. To the south by the line that starts on the coast of the northern border of Mozambique Province and follows the course of the Rovuma River to the point where the Messinge flows into the Rovuma.

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Zanzibar Treaty

Under terms of this treaty, Germany gained the small but strategic Heligoland archipelago, which its new navy needed to control the new Kiel Canal and the approaches to Germany's North Sea ports. In exchange, Germany gave up its rights in the Zanzibar region in Africa, allowing Zanzibar to provide a key link in the British control of East Africa. Germany gained the islands of Heligoland in the North Sea, originally part of Danish Holstein-Gottorp but since a British possession, the Caprivi Strip in what is now Namibia, and a free hand to control the coast of Dar es Salaam that would form the core of German East Africa. Britain divested itself of a naval base which covered the approaches to the main German naval bases in the North Sea, but which would be impossible to defend as Germany built up its navy. It immediately declared a protectorate over Zanzibar and, in the subsequent Anglo-Zanzibar War, gained full control of the sultanate. The treaty served German chancellor Leo von Caprivi's aims for settlement with the British.

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