To establish the three-dimensional 3D facial soft tissue morphology of adult Malaysian subjects of the Malay ethnic group; and to determine the morphological differences between the genders, using a non-invasive stereo-photogrammetry 3D camera. One hundred and nine subjects participated in this research, 54 Malay men and 55 Malay women, aged 20—30 years old with healthy BMI and with no adverse skeletal deviation. Two angular, 3 ratio and 17 linear measurements were identified using Canfield Mirror imaging software. Intra- and inter-examiner reliability tests were carried out using 10 randomly selected images, analyzed using the intra-class correlation coefficient ICC. ICC scores were generally good for both intra-examiner range 0. Generally, all facial measurements were larger in men than women, except the facial profile angle which was larger in women.
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The study group consisted of 73 North American patients 29 males and 44 females , aged between months and 20 years, 26 with right, 33 with left, and 14 with bicoronal synostosis. Basic proportion indices were established in 5 craniofacial regions cranial, facial, orbital, nasal, oral calculated from 2 projective measurements [cranial: eu-eu, g-op; facial: n-gn, zy-zy; orbital: en-en, ex-ex; nasal: al-al, n-sn; oral: sn-sto, ch-ch eu, eurion; g, glabella; op, opisthocranion; n, nasion; gn, gnathion; zy, zygion; en, endocanthion; ex, exocanthion; al, alare; sn, subnasale; sto, stomion; ch, chelion ] taken from the patients by the first author before surgery.
These data were then compared with the anthropometric norms established for North American whites Farkas LG. Anthropometry of the Head and Face.
Raven Press; In males, the total percentage of normal, subnormal, and supernormal proportion indices was smaller than in females in all 3 groups of patients. Generally, the difference in percentage between normal proportions was the smallest Among the abnormal proportions, the supernormal ones were found more often, especially in the cranial region of females with bilateral coronal synostosis Subnormal proportion indices were rare: none were seen in the facial region of males.
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Create a file for external citation management software Create file Cancel. Full-text links Cite Favorites. Abstract The study group consisted of 73 North American patients 29 males and 44 females , aged between months and 20 years, 26 with right, 33 with left, and 14 with bicoronal synostosis. Similar articles [The anthropomorphic proportions of the face: an evaluation of the response to orthodontic surgical treatment of Angle class III]. Savastano C, Craca R.
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Ogawa Y, et al. Forensic Sci Int. Epub Aug 6. Morphological, functional and neurological outcomes of craniectomy versus cranial vault remodeling for isolated nonsyndromic synostosis of the sagittal suture: a systematic review.
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Virdi SS, et al. Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg. Zogheib T, et al. Open Dent J. A novel quantitative method for evaluating surgical outcomes in craniosynostosis: pilot analysis for metopic synostosis. Weathers WM, et al. Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr. Epub Nov MeSH terms Adolescent Actions. Adult Actions. Anthropometry Actions. Female Actions. Humans Actions. Infant Actions. Infant, Newborn Actions.
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Anthropometric Study of Three-Dimensional Facial Morphology in Malay Adults
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Anthropometry Of The Head And Face