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Comptroller and Auditor General raps urban development and housing ministries for failing to bring about urban governance reforms. The report further rapped the Union ministries of urban development and housing and poverty alleviation for not being able to bring about reforms in the governance of urban local bodies ULBs. The report found that ULBs in most of the states did not hold elections regularly, which has greatly delayed the performance of the mission.
Further, the report found that ineligible beneficiaries took advantage of the housing schemes in many states. However, as on March 31, , only 22 of the 1, approved projects were completed.
JNNURM is a Central government scheme which is implemented by the ministries of urban development and housing and urban poverty alleviation with an aim to improve infrastructure and governance in Indian cities. CAG said that the JNNURM guidelines had been deficient in giving adequate advisory to the states regarding utilisation of funds and there was a lack of uniformity in utilising interest earned from the funds sitting in the coffers of various states.
Further, the urban development ministry's internet-enabled programme for monitoring and evaluation had proved to be unsuccessful. Only 11 out of sample projects selected by CAG for the period to were completed, the CAG report states. Delays were mostly due to the non availability of resources such as land or escalation of costs and changes in designs, while in many cases the ULBs and state government did not keep their commitment to implement reforms within the framework of local governance.
The report states that against an allocation of Rs 66, In its report, the CAG has recommended pushing reforms in financial, institutional, and governance structure of the ULBs to make them efficient, accountable and transparent.
It has also recommended that the Central government should give incentives to those states which implement reforms envisaged under JNNURM. At a press conference earlier this week, housing and urban poverty alleviation minister, Kumari Selja, had stated that urban housing shortage in India has decreased from The CAG report presents a somewhat different picture.
The CAG report needs to pave the way to reforms in urban governance, which could be achieved only by making local bodies more accountable. Urban renewal: Though urban renewal, which is redevelopment of the inner old city areas to reduce congestion, was an objective of JNNURM, only 11 out of projects and 10 out of projects for urban renewal were approved by 31 March Urban Infrastructure Projects: In Uttar Pradesh, not a single urban infrastructure project had been completed in seven mission cities whereas in Delhi only four out of 28 sanctioned were completed.
Water Supply: Auditors observed that in 37 selected water supply projects, five had not even been started and one project was withdrawn. Delays were due to delays in getting clearances and slow tendering process. The machines purchased for such projects remained idle. Solid Waste Management: In 11 selected solid waste management project, two had not been even started and remaining nine were not complete. Delays were due to non availability of land, forest and environment clearance, clearance from SPCB, non clearance of the site and public agitation.
Funds for four projects remained blocked as machinery and other equipment were purchased in advance, making most of them idle. Sewerage projects: In the 56 selected sewerage projects, only four of the projects were complete. One was abandoned, while five projects were deferred. Diversion of funds: Rs Collection of user charges: CAG found that out of 39 mission cities selected for audit scrutiny, mechanism for collection of user charges for water supply and solid waste management was reportedly established in seven and five cities respectively.
Property title registration, revision building bye laws: None of cities, according to Union urban development ministry, had implemented property title registration system. Twenty-one ULBs which committed to revision of building bye laws by did not implement the same. Rent control laws: Sixteen states that committed to reform rent control laws by , did not implement the law. Seven of these selected projects had not been started and one project was abandoned.
The remaining 73 housing projects were incomplete till March Out of 1. Out of the completed dwelling units, only , dwelling units were occupied. Ineligible beneficiaries: Audit observed 11 instances where there were deficiencies in identification of the beneficiaries.
For example, under BSUP, Kochi Phase 2 Individual houses in Kerala, beneficiaries of three colonies were corporation employees with regular source of income who were not eligible for assistance admissible under the scheme of BSUP. We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us. Together we build journalism that is independent, credible and fearless. You can further help us by making a donation. This will mean a lot for our ability to bring you news, perspectives and analysis from the ground so that we can make change together.
Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name. Funds diverted Only 11 out of sample projects selected by CAG for the period to were completed, the CAG report states. Shortcomings pointed out by CAG. Subscribe to Weekly Newsletter :. Donate Now. Read 1 Comments Post a Comment. Please Sign In to post a comment. In reforms Collection of user charges: CAG found that out of 39 mission cities selected for audit scrutiny, mechanism for collection of user charges for water supply and solid waste management was reportedly established in seven and five cities respectively.
Diversion of funds, ineligible benficiaries getting benefits in JNNURM: CAG
Comptroller and Auditor General raps urban development and housing ministries for failing to bring about urban governance reforms. The report further rapped the Union ministries of urban development and housing and poverty alleviation for not being able to bring about reforms in the governance of urban local bodies ULBs. The report found that ULBs in most of the states did not hold elections regularly, which has greatly delayed the performance of the mission. Further, the report found that ineligible beneficiaries took advantage of the housing schemes in many states.
Only 22 housing projects for poor completed under JNNURM, says CAG
The JNNURM is a flagship programme launched by the UPA government in December , aiming to improve urban infrastructure, including transport, drinking water, sewerage, solid waste management and housing for slum dwellers. The report said that against an allocation of Rs 66, Against this allocation, only Rs 40, In implementation of urban housing projects for the poor, out of Out of the completed houses, only 2. The report pointed out that there were eight cases of diversion of funds in urban infrastructure projects in Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Himachal Pradesh. Observing that ministries are not equipped in terms of staff and equipment to oversee a scheme of this magnitude, the CAG said mandatory third party inspection to ensure the quality of works has not happened in many places.
Now, CAG finds flaws with JNNURM execution
The report on Performance Audit of JNNURM, which was tabled in Parliament on Thursday, observed that a total of 1, and 1, housing and infrastructure projects respectively were approved for implementation between and However, only 22 of the approved projects were completed within the deadline. The page report observed that the objective of bringing about reforms in the governance of Urban Local Bodies ULBs could not be achieved through the scheme. The status of dwelling units within the housing projects was also low as only 26 percent of approved units have been completed. Regarding urban infrastructure projects, the report observed that out of the 1, projects approved, only projects 18 percent were completed.