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A Marxian and Lacanian analysis of the ideological and political responses to the terrorist attacks on September 11, , Zizek's study incorporates various psychoanalytic , postmodernist , biopolitical , and Christian universalist influences into a Marxist dialectical framework.

The book's title comes from a quote delivered by the character Morpheus in the film The Matrix : "Welcome to the desert of the real". If once we were able to view the Borges fable in which the cartographers of the Empire draw up a map so detailed that it ends up covering the territory exactly [ Early in The Matrix, protagonist Neo uses a hollowed-out book with the title Simulacra and Simulation to hide an illegal data disc.

His argument is that because this passion was sublimated into the postmodern "passion for the semblance," Americans experienced the "return of the Real" in exactly the same way as Neo did in the film, i. This is just a continuation of the prior cultural logic in which fascism served as the "obscene superego supplement" or fantasy to liberal democracy's Reality.

Although Americans were victims, so were the attacking terrorists, and therefore neither side was justified in their violent actions. In fact, the attacks were already libidinally invested by a series of Hollywood catastrophe films, showing that it was exactly what Americans secretly wanted, i.

The false perception of a purely external threat allowed the system of global capitalism to go essentially unchallenged, functioning to indefinitely defer discussion about alternative socioeconomic futures. The only real "other" to global capitalism is a renewed form of socialism, because the "others" of capitalism those excluded from capitalism's benefits are almost everyone, even though they are all formally extended the promise of liberal rights.

While the United States claims to be standing for democratic rights and principles, it actually suspended these same rights at home and legitimized torture in order to fight the war on terror. Changing conditions of war further erode any distinctions that could be made between a state of war or exception and a state of peace, central distinctions in democratic ideology.

Because the democratic system is always generating new states of emergency to justify the negation of its ethical principles, the future of emancipatory politics cannot be contained within a liberal democratic framework including notions of human rights , the rule of law , and constitutionality. The same displacement of socio-economic conflict that occurred under fascism is mirrored in the Israel-Palestinian conflict, the "symptomal knot" of all the economic and cultural logics of the contemporary world.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.

Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. The Matrix DVD. Hollywood, California: Warner Brothers. Simulacrum and Simulation. Welcome to the Desert of the Real. New York City: Verso. Historical Materialism. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Publishers. Hidden categories: Articles containing French-language text Articles that may contain original research from April All articles that may contain original research.

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162521544 slavoj zizek bem vindo ao deserto do real



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