BABA NYONYA CULTURE PDF

Peranakan culture, especially in the dominant Peranakan centres of Malacca , Singapore , and Penang , is characterized by its unique hybridization of ancient Chinese culture with the local cultures of the Nusantara region, the result of a centuries-long history of transculturation and, in the earliest days of settlement, interracial marriage. The ancestors of most individuals who identify as Peranakan were immigrants from the southern provinces of China who arrived in significant numbers in the Nusantara region between the 15th and 17th centuries, taking abode in the Malay Peninsula where their descendants in Malacca, Singapore, and Penang are referred to as Baba-Nyonya ; the Indonesian Archipelago where their descendants are referred to as Kiau-Seng ; [6] and southern Thailand , primarily in Phuket and Ranong. The particularities of genealogy and the unique syncretic culture are the main features that distinguish the Peranakan from descendants of later waves of Chinese immigrants to the region who are instead generally referred to using larger umbrella terms such as Malaysian Chinese , Chinese Singaporean , Chinese Indonesian or Tionghoa , or Thai Chinese , categories under which the Peranakan Chinese might be considered be a minority subset. Popular accounts of the Peranakan Chinese in Malacca, Singapore, and Penang sometimes state exclusive descent from the royal retinue of a purported Ming Dynasty princess named Hang Li Po or Hong Li-Po [13] [14] — mentioned in the Malay Annals as having made a marriage of alliance with the Sultan of Malacca in the fifteenth century [15] — but the historical evidence for this likely romanticized claim is unreliable. The word Peranakan — which can have very broad and labile meanings in Malay and Indonesian and, when used in common parlance, is simply an indicator of heritage or descent — may also be used to refer to other ethnic groups in the same region.

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Over time, they assimilated Malay language and customs into their lives, and created a fusion culture of their own. The men came to be known as Baba, while the women are referred to as Nyonya.

Malay influence is very strong in their clothing and food, but they have also retained their Chinese heritage, especially their religion, name and ethnic identity. Peranakan cuisine came about because these settlers applied the Chinese method to Malay ingredients and recipes. Their food is tangy, aromatic, spicy and also herbal. Perennial favourites include nyonya laksa , kapitan chicken , itek tim , cendol and nyonya kuih. These Peranakan buildings are also found in Penang, but the 17th century Malaccan specimens are among the oldest in the country.

The front of the house is typically heavily embellished with brightly coloured tiles, wooden shutters, large gold Chinese characters on black signboards and elaborate doors. Those along Jalan Tun Cheng Lock are particularly elaborate because they were status symbols for their affluent owners. Chan Kim Lay, 83, the fourth generation of the family who owns the house, gives guided tours and can tell interesting stories about Peranakan culture, architecture and curios. The Baba Nyonya culture.

Article type: metered. Related News. Metro News 06 Mar More insight into Peranakan life. World 4h ago Goldman Sachs executive's email making plea for racial equality goes viral at firm. Trending in Travel. Across The Star Online.

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Over time, they assimilated Malay language and customs into their lives, and created a fusion culture of their own. The men came to be known as Baba, while the women are referred to as Nyonya. Malay influence is very strong in their clothing and food, but they have also retained their Chinese heritage, especially their religion, name and ethnic identity. Peranakan cuisine came about because these settlers applied the Chinese method to Malay ingredients and recipes. Their food is tangy, aromatic, spicy and also herbal. Perennial favourites include nyonya laksa , kapitan chicken , itek tim , cendol and nyonya kuih. These Peranakan buildings are also found in Penang, but the 17th century Malaccan specimens are among the oldest in the country.

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Singapore's Peranakan Culture

Peranakans are made up of people descended from marriages between Chinese or Indian men and local Malay or Indonesian women from around the Malay Archipelago. Dress was a significant form of cultural and individual expression for the Peranakans. Apart from a whole repertoire of exquisite ornaments, jewellery and intricately beaded footwear, they are famous for their beautiful nyonya kebayas, a traditional blouse-dress combination of intricate costume embroidery. However the Peranakans are most famous for their imaginative and creative cuisine which is infused with delicate flavours. Employing chillies, belachan spicy prawn paste and coconut milk as vital ingredients, wok cooking techniques of the Chinese and spices used by the Malay and Indonesian community produce tangy, aromatic and spicy dishes. Choose from several restaurants to sample Peranakan cuisine, one being Blue Ginger in Tanjong Pagar which is nestled amidst a row of quaint shophouses and complete with nostalgic decor reminiscent of Singapore's colonial heritage.

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Baba-Nyonya Culture

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