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Theatre of Cruelty , project for an experimental theatre that was proposed by the French poet, actor, and theorist Antonin Artaud and that became a major influence on avant-garde 20th-century theatre.
He proposed removing the barrier of the stage between performers and audience and producing mythic spectacles that would include verbal incantations, groans and screams, pulsating lighting effects, and oversized stage puppets and props. Theatre of Cruelty. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.
Theatre of Cruelty experimental theatre. See Article History. Read More on This Topic. During the early s, the French dramatist and actor Antonin Artaud put forth a theory for a Surrealist theatre called the Theatre Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
During the early s, the French dramatist and actor Antonin Artaud put forth a theory for a Surrealist theatre called the Theatre of Cruelty. Symbolism , a loosely organized literary and artistic movement that originated with a group of French poets in the late 19th century, spread to painting and the theatre, and influenced the European and American literatures of the 20th century to varying degrees.
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Theatre of Cruelty , project for an experimental theatre that was proposed by the French poet, actor, and theorist Antonin Artaud and that became a major influence on avant-garde 20th-century theatre. He proposed removing the barrier of the stage between performers and audience and producing mythic spectacles that would include verbal incantations, groans and screams, pulsating lighting effects, and oversized stage puppets and props. Theatre of Cruelty. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.
Artaud's Theatre Of Cruelty
Antonin Artaud had a radical vision. In the anguished, catastrophic times there is an urgent need for theatre that is not overshadowed by events, but arouses deep echoes within and manages to rise above an unsettled period. Schumacher, , p Grounded in the idea that life itself is evil and goodness is an act of will, Artaud declared that it is cruel to have to continually make the effort to live without evil. Although his work has occupied a cultish space in both French and English criticism, the image of Artaud as a brilliant but mad theoretician and inspirational writer has reinforced itself in various different disciplines over time. With his avantgardist theories and statements he belongs to one of the most widely read thinkers in theatre and performance and is considered a great influence on modern performative art practice as well as fine art and politics.
Theatre of Cruelty
Series: Plays and Playwrights. Antonin Artaud's theatre of cruelty is one of the most vital forces in world theatre, yet the concept is one of the most frequently misunderstood. In this incisive study, Albert Bermel looks closely at Artaud's work as a playwright, director, actor, designer, producer and critic, and provides a fresh insight into his ideas, innovations and, above all, his writings. Tracing the theatre of cruelty's origins in earlier dramatic conventions, tribal rituals of cleansing, transfiguration and exaltation, and in related arts such as film and dance, Bermel examines each of Artaud's six plays for form and meaning, as well as surveying the application of Artaud's theories and techniques to the international theatre of recent years.
Theatre of Cruelty Conventions
Artaud, who was briefly a member of the surrealist movement, outlined his theories in The Theatre and its Double. The Theatre of Cruelty can be seen as a break from traditional Western theatre and a means by which artists assault the senses of the audience. Deeply affected by the events of World War I , the artists of the movement felt increasing skepticism of the existing societal structures that had allowed for global warfare. While Artaud would eventually break away from surrealism, the movement helped to shape his later theories on the Theatre of Cruelty. In his manifesto on surrealism, Breton writes, "pure psychic automatism, by which is intended to express, verbally, in writing, or by other means, the real process of thought.