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Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Fatima Is Fatima by Ali Shariati ,. Laleh Bakhtiar Translator. Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. More Details Original Title.
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Sep 08, Jibran rated it really liked it Shelves: history-politics , islam. Note: This is definitely special interest book for most of my GR friends but when I was reading it a friend asked me to remember to write something about it.
I have been "away" for a while and pressed for time as punishment for being away work accumulation! This is arguably the best biography of Fatima d. She died young - reports say at the age of 18, some put it at 28 - having been married early as was the custom in those days, and having borne four children who grew up to become revered figures in early Islam Hassan, Hussain, Zainab and Umm-e-Kulthum , her children from her second cousin Ali bin Abi Talib, who was Prophet Muhammad's first cousin, the first Imam of the Shias considered divinely appointed vicegerent , and the fourth caliph of the Sunnis thought to be elected by the elders of the community.
Ali Shariati casts a fresh look at the life of Fatima, her social position as the Prophet's daughter, her moral-philosophical outlook of life, and her brief political activism aimed at recovering from the reigning caliph her inheritance, which was a new concept in 7th century Arabia, since women were hitherto excluded from all sorts of inheritance.
The book is written to give a historical account of her life beyond the ideological taint injected by Sunni and Shia narrations about her. The most important feature is how the author interprets reinterprets some important events in Fatima's life to relate them to the difficulties Muslim women face in the 20th century in defining their role as religious and modern.
In that sense it might be taken as a revisionist account, which is not surprising given Shariati's credentials as a modernist reformer who anchored his thought in traditional Islamic religio-cultural matrix: those who neither reject the modernity descending from the West nor embrace it as the be all and end all of civilisational progress.
The type of Muslim intellectual I personally like, favour, enjoy reading. Shariati focuses disproportionately on the common heritage that Fatima passed down to the women of her times and which also inspired subsequent generations who saw in her life a model to follow.
The influence of Fatima's political activism on her daughter Zainab can be gauged from the role she played in the wake of the battle of Karbala CE , in which her two sons, many brothers and cousins, and most of Hussain's family, were brutally murdered in a single day. She took charge of the survivors, most of them women and children, en route to Damascus as captives to be presented in the court of the ruler who held the caliphal throne and the rival of the Prophet's family, Yazid bin Muawiyah, a scion of the Umayyad tribe.
For a woman, much less a captive, broken woman, to challenge the ruler in his own court on moral and scriptural grounds for the imposed war, to denounce him for inflicting atrocities on innocent people living pacifically, for having killed with impunity, elders as old as 80 years and infants as young as 6 months, which according to Islamic laws of war is verboten, and for treating women and children with indignity and disrespect, was unheard of in Arabia.
Her impromptu speeches and devastating elegiacs in verse caused a disquiet in the Damascene ranks so that she had to be taken away and silenced for fear of fomenting rebellion among the commoners assembled at the court. I digress, but this is to give a glimpse of the fighting spirit Islam had injected into the common consciousness of women through its leading female religious figures. Although Islam did not challenge or dismiss the tribal patriarchal culture of the time, given the impossibility of instituting any other type of system in that time and place, it nonetheless laid down a barrier encoded in law that ensured the rights of women and gave them the impetus to fight if their God-given rights were suppressed or taken away: rights such as of inheritance, equality and allowance in law where hitherto none existed, the right to bear witness in law courts, the right to choose their spouses, to own and manage their own wealth and property - all the rights having to do with the maximum social position women could aspire to in tribal medieval Arabia, minus the right to become community leaders, which to this day causes controversy among the conservative and progressive camps.
I read the book way back in Urdu translation and read it recently in English the original is in Farsi or Persian. It was nice to find out that I had retained a lot of it, probably because I'd read it during my early formative years and remember this having a lasting impact on my future readings.
September ' View all 18 comments. Mar 21, Ferina rated it really liked it. But I realized this was not what she is. Wanted to say: Fateme is the daughter of Great Muhammad. But this was not Fateme. Wanted to say: Fateme is Ali's wife.
Wanted to say: Fateme is the mother of Zeineb. But this was not Fateme either, No, these all are, but But this was not Fateme either, No, these all are, but are not what Fateme is. View 1 comment. Feb 01, Ershad toori rated it it was amazing. Sep 20, Adam Chehouri rated it it was amazing. Dr Ali Shariati ends this book by stating that he does not know what else to say, how to end and how to start writing about Fatima, and so I will not allow myself to comment nor to review this book.
All I can add is that, may God bless the hours Shariati gave to complete this book. It is not simply a historical book, nor a thesis, nor a biography, it is Shariati. Allow me to share with you how Shariati concluded Fatima is Fatima I do not know what to say about her or how to say it? I wanted Dr Ali Shariati ends this book by stating that he does not know what else to say, how to end and how to start writing about Fatima, and so I will not allow myself to comment nor to review this book.
I wanted to imitate the French writer who was speaking one day in a conference about the Virgin Mary. He said, "For years all of the speakers have spoken of Mary. For years, all philosophers and thinkers of various nations of the East and West have spoken of the value of Mary.
For years, the poets of the world have spent all of their creative efforts and power in their praise of Mary. For years, all of the painters and artists have created wonderful works of art showing the face and form of Mary.
But the totality of all that has been said and the efforts of all the artists and thinkers throughout these many centuries have not been able to better describe the greatness of Mary than the simple words, 'Mary was the mother of Jesus Christ.
I got stuck. I wished to say, ' Fatima was the daughter of the great Khadija,' but I sensed this would not fully describe Fatima. I wished to say, 'Fatima was the daughter of Muhammad,' but I sensed this would not fully describe Fatima. I wished to say, 'Fatima was the wife of Ali,' but I sensed this would not fully describe Fatima. I wished to say, 'Fatima was the mother of Hassan and Husayn,' but I sensed this would not fully describe Fatima.
I wished to say, 'Fatima is the mother of Zaynab,' but I still sensed this would not fully describe Fatima. No, these are all true, and none of them is Fatima Fatima is Fatima View all 4 comments. Jun 18, Salman Tariq rated it really liked it. This book is tainted with emotional love for Fatima R. A , it would give you rather emotional perspective of historical event in beautiful prose. Ali has picked the most difficult topic of our time , How a women should be?
He has tried to study the direction of eastern women and compared it to its ideal figure Fatima R. First half of the book is critical analysis of Eastren women and the second part deals with life of Hazrat Fatima R. Writer tries to make people bel This book is tainted with emotional love for Fatima R.
Writer tries to make people believe that Hazrat Ali R. A was the true successor of Prophet , his arguments on the topic are weak and endless that can be torn by single question If legacy was to transcend in Prophet Muhammad lineage , Allah would have kept Muhammad's son alive? Some fine readings from the book About Sunni -Shia Fights, he critiques to the finest The wars between the Shi'ites and Sunnis which took place in the past not in the present where it has become a war of words, history and tribes.
Real wars is of the ideas of imamate and justice against despotism and oppression. The differences in faith and historic, philosophic and religious. People who believe we should preserve that which is incapable of being preserved and that which is dying, and who are in a position to advise those who inspire, those who appease and those who give condolences, do not recognize the dangers.
Some thing about friction between men and women Women choose their men and men, their women. But the very fact that men and women are both independent and powerful and without need, causes them to move towards each other only because of sex. Other factors such as feelings, love, kindness, social and traditional roots, inclinations towards friendship and sympathy, friendly companionships are not taken into consideration. Today, these sorts of invitations have died.
Fatima is Fatima
In the book, Fatima Zahra the daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad is described as a role model for Muslim women around the world and a woman who is freedom. It was written in the pre- revolutionary era of Iran 's history where there were no specific sources by which one might interpret who she was, and he assures the readers that he is giving them more than an analytical description of her personality and that it needs the criticism of the enlightened thinker. By writing this book he was to complete the work of French scholar Professor Louis Massignon. He describes Fatima as a manifestation and a symbol of the way and an essential direction of 'Islamic thought'. He states that even in the ever changing world in which people's views towards life constantly change, as a role model Fatima can still be looked up to by women around the world. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Fatima Is Fatima
Iranian Personalities. Fatima is Fatima By: Dr. To begin with, I had wanted to comment upon the research of Professor Louis Massignon concerning the personality and complicated life of Fatima. I had wished to refer to the deep and revolutionary influence her memory evokes in Muslim societies and the role she has played in the breadth of Islamic transformations. These remarks were intended particularly for my university students participating in 'History and Knowledge of Religions', 'The Sociology of Religions', and 'Islamology'.
This is the extent of the information about this great person that exists in the memories of our people. According to rahyafte the missionaries and converts website :. To begin with, I had wanted to comment upon the research of Professor Louis Massignon about the personality and complicated life of Fatima s. I had wished to refer to the deep and revolutionary influence her memory evokes in Moslem societies, and the role she has played in the breadth of Islamic transformations.