Structuralism is a general approach in various academic disciplines that explores the inter-relationships between fundamental elements of some kind, upon which some higher mental, linguistic, social, cultural etc "structures" are built, through which then meaning is produced within a particular person, system, culture. Structuralism appeared in academic psychology for the first time in the 19th century and then reappeared in the second half of the 20th century, when it grew to become one of the most popular approaches in the academic fields that are concerned with analyzing language, culture, and society. The work of Ferdinand de Saussure is generally considered to be a starting point of the 20th century structuralism. As with any cultural movement, the influences and developments are complex.
|Published (Last):||23 July 2006|
|PDF File Size:||15.9 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||16.17 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Structuralism , in psychology , a systematic movement founded in Germany by Wilhelm Wundt and mainly identified with Edward B. Structuralism sought to analyze the adult mind defined as the sum total of experience from birth to the present in terms of the simplest definable components and then to find the way in which these components fit together in complex forms.
The major tool of structuralist psychology was introspection a careful set of observations made under controlled conditions by trained observers using a stringently defined descriptive vocabulary. Titchener held that an experience should be evaluated as a fact, as it exists without analyzing the significance or value of that experience. In his major treatise , A Textbook of Psychology —10 , he stated that the only elements necessary to describe the conscious experience are sensation and affection feeling.
The thought process essentially was deemed an occurrence of sensations of the current experience and feelings representing a prior experience. Although structuralism represented the emergence of psychology as a field separate from philosophy , the structural school lost considerable influence when Titchener died. The movement led, however, to the development of several countermovements that tended to react strongly to European trends in the field of experimental psychology.
Behaviour and personality were beyond the scope considered by structuralism. Serving as a catalyst to functionalism , structuralism was always a minority school of psychology in America.
Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Read More on This Topic. Learning to live with uncertainty and to take pleasure in the abandonment of absolutes was the determining mode of thought in the s….
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Structuralism , based on the analytic methods of the linguistic theorist…. Structuralism in the social sciences is closely related to the theory of the social system. Although there is nothing new about the root concepts of structuralism—they may be seen in one form or other throughout Western thought—there is no question but that….
The procedure…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.
More About. Academia - Structuralism vs.