ESCUELAS ANTROPOLOGICAS PDF

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Anthropological approach to nutrition and health in Mexico. This paper presents an overview of food in Mexico, particularly in Mexico City, from an anthropological perspective considering sociocultural and economic aspects. It begins with a brief review of anthropological studies on food in Mexico to recognize both the methodological contributions as the major problems of study. Subsequently, are presented some facts of contextualization of the country and city that frame the distinctive food and nutritional data.

The following sections propose some explanations of some of the phenomena of contemporary food, where obesity is the main feature in a society of recent consumer access, while facing the cultural ideal of thinness. The data on food in Mexico and related social phenomena account for the complex nature of food and how macro-processes affect people's everyday decisions.

The anthropological analysis of food in the Mexican population has been allowed to show the relationship between these processes historically and recently. They are the sign of the usefulness of anthropological methodology to study contemporary food, full of contradictions that have to do with the development of capitalism and consumer society, consumer promotion, and immediate access to it, the medicalization everyday life, ideas about body control, and image as an element of status.

Desde la segunda mitad del siglo pasado ha ido experimentando, cada vez con mayor rapidez, cambios en todos los aspectos de su vida.

Otro trabajo que vale la pena mencionar es el de Ma. La tasa de fecundidad ha pasado de 7. En el Se estima que esta tasa aumente a Para el desayuno huevo, cereal, leche, pan, queso, fruta.

El consumo de carne en las fiestas contrasta con el de la comida cotidiana. Las celebraciones tienen como platillo central la carne ya sea de cerdo, de pavo para comer con mole o la barbacoa de carnero.

En la medida que la agricultura es una actividad cada vez menos frecuente, la compra de alimentos es la principal forma de obtenerlos.

Es decir, las formas de comer se usan tanto como elemento para mostrar la pertenencia a un estrato como para aparentar la pertenencia a otro y por tanto dejar el de origen. El impacto de la comida en la imagen, la salud y el bienestar es una de los elementos presentes en la actualidad en las elecciones alimentarias.

Es en este sentido que Mintz dice que los alimentos son un marcador social. Sin embargo, el cuidado excesivo del cuerpo y la delgadez tampoco son vistos como algo adecuado.

Los Mixtecos. The Diet of a Tarascan Village. III, n. Publicaciones y fomento editorial. UNAM, Universitat de Barcelona, Criterio y bases sociales del gusto. Barcelona: Taurus, La obesidad: una perspectiva sociocultural. Form Contin Nutr Obes, v. Comercio Exterior , v. El indigenismo. Tomo III. El gusto, la cocina y el cuerp. Barcelona,:Anagrama, Tomo II. Comida de pobre, pobre comida.

Somos lo que comemos. Barcelona: Ariel, Cocina, cuisine y clase. Barcelona: Gedisa Editorial, MEAD, M. Manual for the Study of Food Habits. Bulletin of the National Research Council , n.

Anthropological perspectives on diet. Ann Rev Anthropol. Tasting food, tasting freedom. Boston: Beacon Press, Washington, D. Tomo VI. C, The body beautiful: symbolism and agency in the social world. Annual Review of Anthropology , v.

Guadalupe Ledezma Basilio. All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Services on Demand Journal. Key words: food; culture; Mexico; Anthopology. How to cite this article.

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