DATTATREYA YOGA SHASTRA PDF

His iconography varies regionally. In western Maharashtra, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh , for example, he is typically shown with three heads and six hands, one head each for Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, and one pair of hands holding the symbolic items associated with each member of the Trimurti : The jaapmaala and water pot of Brahma , the conch and sudarshana chakra discus of Vishnu, and the trishula trident and two headed drum of Shiva. In paintings and some large carvings, he is surrounded by four dogs and a cow, the dogs are a symbol of Duttaguru' s teaching of similitude and equality among all creatures especially animals, right from the pure and holy cow to the dog, the least and lowest of lifeforms in Hindu thought; this exegesis was put forward by a charismatic personality, the avtari purush godman of the Dattatreya lineage, Shri Ramakrishna Saraswati Kshirsagar Swamiji of Ambikapur Ahmednagar. The cow is adored and revered mainly in North India as a symbol of the Mother Earth who nourishes all living beings. This is evidenced by the Marathi text Navanathabhaktisara , states Mallinson, wherein there is syncretic fusion of the Nath Sampradaya with the Mahanubhava sect by identifying nine Naths with nine Narayanas. The puranic stories of Dattatreya are diverse and vary by region.

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His iconography varies regionally. In western Maharashtra, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh , for example, he is typically shown with three heads and six hands, one head each for Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, and one pair of hands holding the symbolic items associated with each member of the Trimurti : The jaapmaala and water pot of Brahma , the conch and sudarshana chakra discus of Vishnu, and the trishula trident and two headed drum of Shiva. In paintings and some large carvings, he is surrounded by four dogs and a cow, the dogs are a symbol of Duttaguru' s teaching of similitude and equality among all creatures especially animals, right from the pure and holy cow to the dog, the least and lowest of lifeforms in Hindu thought; this exegesis was put forward by a charismatic personality, the avtari purush godman of the Dattatreya lineage, Shri Ramakrishna Saraswati Kshirsagar Swamiji of Ambikapur Ahmednagar.

The cow is adored and revered mainly in North India as a symbol of the Mother Earth who nourishes all living beings. This is evidenced by the Marathi text Navanathabhaktisara , states Mallinson, wherein there is syncretic fusion of the Nath Sampradaya with the Mahanubhava sect by identifying nine Naths with nine Narayanas.

The puranic stories of Dattatreya are diverse and vary by region. In the Puranas , he was born in north Indian hermitage to Anusuya and her husband the Vedic sage Atri traditionally credited with making the largest contribution to the Rigveda.

Another states his father lived in the western Deccan region. As the trinity were pleased with them for having brought light and knowledge to the world, instantly granted the boon, which led Dattatreya to be born with characteristics of all three.

While his origins are unclear, stories about his life are more clearer. He is described in the Mahabharata as an exceptional Rishi sage with extraordinary insights and knowledge, who is adored and raised to a Guru and an Avatar of Vishnu in the Puranas. One myth claims he meditated immersed in water for a long time, [18] another has him wandering from childhood and the young Dattatreya footprints have been preserved on a lonely peak at Girnar Junagadh, Gujarat.

The Tripura-rahasya refers to the disciple Parasurama finding Dattatreya meditating on Gandhamadana mountain. Dattatreya is said to have his lunch daily by taking alms at a holy place Pithapuram , Andhra Pradesh, where he was born as Sripada Sri Vallabha his first avatar.

The young Dattatreya is famous in the Hindu texts as the one who started with nothing and without teachers, yet reached self-awareness by observing nature during his Sannyasi wanderings, and treating these natural observations as his twenty four teachers.

The appearance of Shri Dattatreya in pictures varies according to traditional beliefs. A typical icon for Dattatreya, particularly popular with Marathi-speaking people in India, has three heads corresponding to Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva, and six hands; the lowest two hands carry rosary mala and water pot kamandalu , middle pair of hands hold hourglass mini-drum damaru and trident trishul , and top two hands have conch shankh and spinning wheel chakra.

Many older medieval temples of Dattatreya show him with just one head, such as the one in Mahur , one at Narayanpur on Pune Satara Road, Near Pune, and another in Pandharpur , both in southern Maharashtra. In western parts of Maharashtra, the syncretic six armed and three faced iconography is more common.

He is the motif of the '"honey bee" Yogin who has realized advaita knowledge. Dattatreya as the archetypal model of syncretism : [3]. Another distinctive aspect of Dattatreya iconography is that it includes four dogs and a cow.

The four dogs represent the Vedas, [5] as trustworthy all weather friends, company and guardians, while the cow is a metaphor for mother earth who silently and always provides nourishment. Dattatreya's sculptures with alternate iconography have been identified in 1st millennium CE cave temples and archaeological sites related to Hinduism. The right earlobe jewelry and hair decoration in this art work of Dattatreya is of Shiva, but on his left the details are those of Vishnu.

A sculpture similar to Badami, but with some differences, has been discovered in Ajmer Rajasthan. The Ajmer art work is a free statue where Dattatreya is standing, has one head and four hands. In his various hands, he carries a Trishula of Shiva, a Chakra of Vishnu, a Kamandalu of Brahma, and a rosary common to all three. The historic Indian literature has interpreted the representation of Dattatreya symbolically.

His three heads are symbols of the Gunas qualities in Samkhya school of Hinduism. The three Gunas are Sattva, Rajas and Tamas. The Kamadhenu cow is symbolic Panchabutas , the four dogs are inner forces of a human being: Iccha, Vasana, Asha and Trishna. In these interpretations, Dattatreya is that yogi Guru teacher who has perfected all these, rules them rather than is ruled by them, and is thus the Guru Dattatreya is beyond them.

The Dattatreya Upanishad tantra-focussed , Darshana Upanishad yoga-focussed and particularly the Avadhuta Upanishad advaita-focussed present the philosophy of the Dattatreya tradition. Other Upanishads where Dattatreya's name appears in lists of ancient Hindu monks revered for their insights on renunciation are Jabala Upanishad , Naradaparivrajaka Upanishad , Bhikshuka Upanishad and Yajnavalkya Upanishad.

Dattatreya is mentioned in the Mahabharata [46] and the Ramayana. Dattatreya is mentioned in the ancient chapter 9 of the Sattvata Samhita and chapter 5 of the Ahirbudhnya Samhita , both among the oldest layer of texts in the Vaishnava Agama tradition Pancaratra. The extant manuscripts have been dated to approximately the 9th or 10th century, [51] but it may have existed earlier as part of an oral tradition. Several Hindu monastic and yoga traditions are linked to Dattatreya: [54].

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Hindu deity. Atri father Anasuya mother. Supreme deity. Important deities.

Holy scriptures. Related traditions. Main traditions. Vaishnavism Shaivism Shaktism Smartism. Rites of passage. Philosophical schools. Gurus, saints, philosophers.

Other texts. Text classification. Other topics. Dattatreya's iconography varies with region. Left: Icon with three heads; Right: with one head.

Always be learning The investigators of the true nature of the world are uplifted by their own efforts in this world. The self is the infallible guide of the self: through direct perception and through analogy one can work out one's salvation. Lochtefeld The Rosen Publishing Group. State University of New York Press. The Continuum encyclopedia of animal symbolism in art. Illustrated edition. Continuum International Publishing Group.

Source: [1] accessed: Thursday February 11, , p. Gautam ed. India through the ages. Retrieved December 17, Klostermaier A Survey of Hinduism: Third Edition. Gopinatha Rao Elements of Hindu iconography. Motilal Banarsidass. Harle The Art and Architecture of the Indian Subcontinent.

Yale University Press. Grimes One: essential writings on nonduality. Sentient Publications. Classics of mystical literature series. Pune: Shri Dattatreya Dnyankosh Prakashan. McLeod Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. The Mahanubhavs.

Firenze University Press. Venkata Rao Essays in Philosophy presented to Dr. Mahadevan, Madras, Abhayananda, S. Hariprasad Shivprasad Joshi The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda.

Dalal, Roshen Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. The Roots of Tantra. Kambhampati, Parvathi Kumar Sri Dattatreya 1st ed.

Visakhapatnam: Dhanishta. Rigopoulos, Antonio Subramanian K.

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By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy , Privacy Policy , and our Terms of Service. Hinduism Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for followers of the Hindu religion and those interested in learning more about Hinduism. It only takes a minute to sign up. Dattatreya, who is said to be avatar of Tridev, was born in 10th Treta yuga of the current Vaivasvara Manvantra and is believed to have acquired the knowledge of Yoga. In his history, there was no Guru for him but he rather attained the enlightened state by observing 5 elements of nature Panchabootha , people etc. Sign up to join this community.

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