Read-Along Radio Dramas use both visual and auditory sensory modes to develop the full range of language arts skills including an intuitive sense for the sound patterns of the English language and a reading rate appropriate to the material being read. The kits were designed for use with language arts students in 6th grade through adult levels. Students follow along on word-fo. Students follow along on word-for-word scripts as they listen to the recorded audio drama with full casts and sound effects. The high interest audio production promotes enthusiastic responses from students.
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Thoughts on reading and studying the short story by a guy who's read and written about a lot of short stories. Post a Comment. Sunday, June 18, Ambrose Bierce, "Chickamauga". Here are some of the discoveries I made about the story with the help of my students.
The anti-war theme of Bierce's story depends on the basic tensions between child world and adult world and between fantasy and reality. The boy's fantasy world of playing at war is his only reality; consequently, when he encounters the genuine external reality of war it seems curiously fantastic to him; thus he is able to integrate it effortlessly into his fantasy play world. Bierce develops the story on the ironic realization that the adult view of war often springs from child-like views in which men glorify battle, only to find out too late that the reality of it is horror and death.
The primary communicators of this fantasy image of war in Bierce's story are books and pictures which glorify war, for the boy has been taught "postures of aggression and defense" by the "engraver's art. As is typical of many Bierce stories, style and technique are practically everything in "Chickamauga. Often compared with Edgar Allan Poe, Bierce focuses not so much on external reality but rather on the strange dream-like world that lies somewhere in between fantasy and reality.
Thus, the genius of his stories depends not so much on the theme, which is often fairly obvious, but on the delicate and tightly controlled way that Bierce tells the story and creates a nightmarish world that involves the reader emotionally.
The fact that the boy is a deaf mute emphasizes his childish fantasy world detached from external reality and makes more plausible the primary device of contrasting the child's view of war as a game with the adult's view of it as a horrifying actuality. It enables Bierce to set up a strange dreamlike effect as we see the events primarily from the boy's point of view.
However, even as the story depends on Bierce's developing the perspective of the child, in which the reader is made to see the maimed and bleeding soldiers as circus clowns and child-like playmates, this point of view is counterpointed by that of an adult teller--sometimes in a developed background exposition, sometimes in a flat declarative statement. For example, when the boy seems to see some strange animals crawling through the forest, the narrator simply says: "They were men.
This narrator is not named in the story, but is presented as a disembodied presence who not only sees what the boy sees, but also sees the boy and draws conclusions about the boy's responses.
The boy's mind is as inaccessible to him as it is to the reader. This technique enables the reader to respond both to the boy's point of view and to the adult teller. As the narrator says about the scene witnessed by the boy, "not all of this did the child note; it is what would have been noted by an elder observer.
It is indeed the subtle tension between this adult point of view and the childish perception of the boy that creates the story's impact and reflects its theme. At one point in the story when the boy because of his deafness sleeps through the battle that rages nearby, the adult narrator says he was as "heedless of the grandeur of the struggle as the dead who had died to make the glory.
For the juxtaposition of the two perspectives creates a tragic irony of war as something more than an heroic and childish game, even as it makes us see how war depends on just such a childish point of view to persist. A film version of this story, part of a trilogy of Bierce stories by French director Robert Enrico, begins with pictures of fighters behind the opening credits.
The film is eerily silent, with grotesque images of men crawling across the ground as the camera pans the area disclosing more and more wounded and silent soldiers. Visual images in the film are not as violent and graphic as those described in Bierce's story; however, the anti-war theme is stronger in the film than in the story because of the stark juxtaposition of images of childlike "playing at war" and adult reality.
Posted by Charles E. May at AM. Labels: Ambrose Bierce "Chickamauga". No comments:. Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom. Now Available from Amazon in paperback and Kindle Click cover to go to Amazon and read the Introduction and first chapter. Join me on Twitter Follow CharlesCmay. Search This Blog. Total Pageviews. Follow by Email. About Me Charles E. May View my complete profile. Subjects Discussed on Reading the Short Story.
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If you are interested in my comments on that collection, see my posts in April when the book was featured in Dublin's "One City, One Book. One of my readers, who just happens to be my daughter-in-law, Ean, asked me if I had read Haruki Murakami and, if so, what I thought of him Reading Alice Munro's "Family Furnishings". Some writers are referred to as "a writer's writer," a designation that suggests they are mainly appreciated by other write I liked it o Reading Alice Munro's "Floating Bridge".
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Chickamauga by Ambrose Bierce: Summary & Analysis
Lauren has taught intermediate reading in an English Language Institute, and she has her Master's degree in Linguistics. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Log in or Sign up. Think about the last book, short story, or poem that you read.
They crept upon their hands and knees. They used their hands only, dragging their legs. They used their knees only, their arms hanging idle at their sides. They strove to rise to their feet, but fell prone in the attempt.
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Thoughts on reading and studying the short story by a guy who's read and written about a lot of short stories. Post a Comment. Sunday, June 18, Ambrose Bierce, "Chickamauga". Here are some of the discoveries I made about the story with the help of my students. The anti-war theme of Bierce's story depends on the basic tensions between child world and adult world and between fantasy and reality. The boy's fantasy world of playing at war is his only reality; consequently, when he encounters the genuine external reality of war it seems curiously fantastic to him; thus he is able to integrate it effortlessly into his fantasy play world.