In addition to the new Romanian county, there were added new territories that enlarged considerably the chopped old county. Translation Help Center Find new research papers in: Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers. Some features of WorldCat will not be available. Finding libraries that hold this item The item was discovered in near today Mara village in the area of Gutin Mountains, in a place called Piatra Rea Evil Rockduring some local exploitation in the lumber industry pl. Marin POP — redactor responsabil Dr. Coriolan H.
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This study will deal with a variety of data, from archaeological situation, small finds unfortunately not so much , pottery and topography. On this geographically dominant area, two such structures were identified. The first one was discovered by I.
Ferenczi and mentioned for the first time in Near this place, I. Ferenczi and N. Gudea saw and collected bricks, imbrices and potsherds8 altogether with stones from its structure, scattered all around. The shape of the structure has not been identified. It is located on the top of the northern slop of the hill.
The tower was identified by N. Gudea in , within the pale of a larger survey context on the north-western frontier. Inside the tower were identified tiles and potsherds. Gudea from Reproduced with the permission of dr. In the first trench, the wall of the watchtower was identified both in the southern and the northern part. It was buil in the opus incertum technique using local sandstone. There are clear marks of modern stone removal. The destruction of the watchtower treasure hunters or stone removal?
The habitation layer and the floor were affected by two pits dug inside the tower, near the wall, identified on the northern side. The first pit G1 , with a maximum diameter of 1. The second one G2 , with a maximum diameter of 1. The fill of the ditch is composed of mortar traces, several stones and coal marks. Inside the tower and also in the exterior were found numerous potsherds, bricks, tiles, imbrices and a denarius minted for Publius Septimius Geta as caesar.
In the second section, orientated west-east, the wall was also identified. On the southern profile was observed a removal pit that affected the structure. Beside potsherds, bricks, tiles and imbrices, there was identified an iron link,13 inside the tower and near the wall. Half of the identified wall was completely destroyed.
The preserved part had a width of 1. Most probably in this context we deal with an open hearth fireplace. Similar with the other two trenches, was identified a large quantity of pottery, bricks, tiles and imbrices, with the mention that in this case the pottery was somehow scattered around the open hearth. Within the frame of the north-western frontier we know several excavated circular watchtowers17, some of them with similar dimensions.
The bricks were also numerous, so we can think at least at an elevation built using such mixed technique. The teguale and the imbrices indicates a wooden rooftop covered with this material. However, what is very interesting about this structure is that the defensive ditch was placed only on the eastern side of the tower. The end of the ditch in the northern part of S1 could indicate the entrance in the tower. The stone watchtowers21 and the timber ones22 have usually a single or double defensive ditch.
There can be one explanation. If this ditch has Roman origins, the defensive elements of this watchtower are about to be a novelty in this area. See also Gichon , p. However, this statement is a pure theoretical one. Obv: P. Determined by Dr. This percentage reflects both the daily life of the soldiers with the main focus on the cooking habit and the supply that every watchtower must have been received regularly from the headquarters, in our particular case from Porolissum.
See Plate 7 for several selected examples. As for the firing type and the quality of the vessels, the best represented is the oxidation firing with 56 potsherds of different quality and only 24 for reduction firing. Unfortunately, there are no comprehensive studies yet to deal with this topic, but judging by N. By capitalizing this novel info extracted from a rescue excavation, we wanted to take a step forward in understanding the structure, the architecture, the functionality and the chronology of these minor installations of the frontier.
Unfortunately, there is so little systematic archaeological research on the watchtowers and almost no data about the artefacts that every single new info can be considered a step forward in understanding these peripheral sites. Bejinariu, D. Breeze D. Breeze, Roman frontier in their landscape settings, Newcastle upon Tyne, Buday Buday, A. Salva, jud. Donaldson G. Ferenczi I. Ein 30 Gudea , passim; Gudea , passim.
New interpretations in Symonds , p. Partea I, in Sargetia, 10, Deva, , 79— Ferenczi, Limes-ul Daciei. Gaiu, R. Gichon M. Gichon, Towers on the limes Palaestinae. Forms, purpose, terminology and comparisons, in D. Gudea N. Hanson, Friell W. Hanson, J. Vescan, Big Brother is watching you! Approaching Roman sur- veillance and signaling at Porolissum in C. Opreanu, V. An interdiciplinary research project, Cluj-Napoca, , — Marcu, Cupcea F.
Marcu, G. Roman C-A. Symonds M. Symonds, Protecting the Roman Empire. Teodor E. Despre turnurile de pe segmentul sudic, in E. Torma Torma K. Woolliscroft D. Gaiu, D. Vaida, I.
Part I. General plan of the excavation. Detailed plans of the trenches. Archaeological profiles of the trenches. Detailed ground plans of the trenches Plate 5. Trenches and detailed plans, georeferenced and overlaid on a Digital Terrain Model. We wish to thank to Ciprian Ciobanu, MA.
Porolissum was an ancient Roman city in Dacia. Established as a military camp in during Trajan's Dacian Wars , the city quickly grew through trade with the native Dacians and became the capital of the province Dacia Porolissensis in The site is one of the largest and best-preserved archaeological sites in modern-day Romania. In , at the beginning of his second war against the Dacians, Emperor Trajan established a military stronghold at the site to defend the main passageway through the Carpathian mountains. The fort, initially built of wood on stone foundations, was garrisoned with auxiliary troops transferred from Spain , Gaul and Britain.
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